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Subthalamic Nucleus Internal Caudal

@@Home -> BiologicalLifeResearch -> BrainAreaFEC -> BrainRegionFEC_FD_STN_ICD

This page covers biological details of component Subthalamic Nucleus Internal Caudal. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Forebrain Diencephalon -> Subthalamus Area (FEC.FD.STA) -> Subthalamic Nucleus (FEC.FD.STN) -> Subthalamic Nucleus Internal Caudal (FEC.FD.STN.ICD) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: nucleus
  • Brain area: Forebrain - Execution Control Area
  • Role: basal.ganglia.subthalamus
  • Function: Oculomotor loop




  • no child items defined



Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
LMC LMC.MM.RP.SUC Superior Central Raphe Nucleus modulatory-5ht (unknown reference)
LRC LRC.MM.PT.PTA Anterior Pretectum Nucleus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
FEC FEC.FT.GPE.DL Globus Pallidus External Dorsolateral excitatory-glu Summary of the organization of the substantia nigra pars reticulata and pedunculopontine nucleus in lamprey (STN -> GPe, abstract)
FEC.FT.GPI.DL Globus Pallidus Internal Dorsolateral excitatory-glu Basal Ganglia Activity (STN -> GPi, abstract)
FEC.FT.SNR.VL Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Ventrolateral excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
FEC.HT.TG.IPD Interpeduncular Nucleus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)

Thirdparty Circuits


GPe=Globus Pallidus External,FEC.FT.GPE (see Basal Ganglia)
GPi=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
PPN=Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nuclei,LMC.HT.TG.PPN
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta,FEC.FT.SNC (see Basal Ganglia)
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata,FEC.FT.SNR (see Basal Ganglia)
STN=Subthalamic Nucleus,FEC.FD.STN (see Subthalamus Area)

GPi=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
GPo=Globus Pallidus External,FEC.FT.GPE (see Basal Ganglia)
M1=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
PMC=Premotor Cortex,NC.PMC
PU=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
SMC=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
SN=Substantia Nigra,FEC.FT.SN (see Basal Ganglia)
STN=Subthalamic Nucleus,FEC.FD.STN (see Subthalamus Area)
VLo=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL