BrainRegionNMA FD TH VL

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Ventral Lateral Nucleus

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This page covers biological details of component Ventral Lateral Nucleus. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Forebrain Diencephalon -> Thalamus (FD.TH) -> Motor Thalamus (FD.TH.MR) -> Ventral Thalamus (FD.TH.VTH) -> Ventral Lateral Nucleus (NMA.FD.TH.VL) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: nucleus
  • Brain area: Neocortical Brain - Motor Aggregation Area
  • Role: thalamic.cortex.reinforce
  • Function: Relay BSA.CR to MCA.MC
  • Notes to function: Executive motor

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Components

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Component items:

  • Nucleus X
  • Caudal Part of Ventral Lateral Nucleus
  • Medial Part of Ventral Lateral Nucleus (MCA.FD.TH.VLO)
  • Oral Part of Ventral Lateral Nucleus
  • Pars Postrema of Ventral Lateral Nucleus

Connectivity

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NMA.FD.TH.VL.dot.png

Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
FEC FEC.FT.GPI.LT Globus Pallidus Internal Lateral inhibitory-gaba Thalamocortical relationships (s2VL -> VL, abstract)
LLC LLC.HT.CR.DN Dentate Nucleus excitatory-glu Thalamocortical relationships (s1VL -> VL)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
NMA NMA.NC.MC Motor Cortex excitatory-glu Thalamocortical relationships (VL -> pVL)
NMA.NC.PMC.F5 Ventral Rostral Premotor Cortex excitatory-glu Basal Ganglia Activity (VLo -> PMC, abstract)
NMA.NC.SMC.F6 Pre-Supplementary Motor Area excitatory-glu Basal Ganglia Activity (VLo -> SMC, abstract)

Thirdparty Circuits

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GPi=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
GPo=Globus Pallidus External,FEC.FT.GPE (see Basal Ganglia)
M1=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
PMC=Premotor Cortex,NC.PMC
PU=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
SMC=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
SN=Substantia Nigra,FEC.FT.SN (see Basal Ganglia)
STN=Subthalamic Nucleus,FEC.FD.STN (see Subthalamus Area)
VLo=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL

A=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
CM=Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus,FEC.FD.TH.CM
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LP=Lateral Posterior Nucleus of Thalamus,NPE.FD.TH.LP
MD=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MGN=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
P=Ventral Posterior Nuclei,NSA.FD.TH.VP (see Sensory Thalamus)
VA=Ventral Anterior Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VA
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL
VPL=Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPL
VPM=Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPM
pA=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
pCM=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
pLD=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
pLGN=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
pLP=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
pMD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
pMGN=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
pP=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
pVA=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
pVL=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
pVPL=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
pVPM=Precentral Cortex,NCP.NC.PO.PCC
s1A=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
s1MD=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
s1P=Central Cervical Nucleus,LPC.SC.IZ.CCV
s1VL=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
s2A=Mammillary Body,FD.MB (see Hypothalamus)
s2MD=Piriform Cortex,NSA.NC.PH.PIR
s2P=Principal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HT.PN.PTR
s2VL=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
s3MD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
sCM=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
sLD=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
sLP=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
sVA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
sVPL=Marginal Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.MG (see Posterior/Dorsal Horn)
sVPM=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL

GPe=Globus Pallidus External,FEC.FT.GPE (see Basal Ganglia)
GPi=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
STN=Subthalamic Nucleus,FEC.FD.STN (see Subthalamus Area)
VA=Ventral Anterior Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VA
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL

CCV=Central Cervical Nucleus,LPC.SC.IZ.CCV
CRP=Cerebellar Lateral Lobe,LLC.HT.CR.CC
CRS=Cerebellar Paravermis,LLC.HT.CR.PV
CRV=Cerebellar Vermis,LRC.HT.CR.VM
CTX=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
DN=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
FG=Fastigual Nucleus,LRC.HT.CR.FG
IO=Inferior Olivary Nucleus,LLC.HL.IO
IP=Interposed Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.IP (see Cerebellar Complex)
LT=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
PNN=Basilar Pontine Nuclei,LLC.HT.BPN
RD=Red Nucleus,LLC.MM.RD
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
SCM=Anterior/Ventral Horn,SC.VH
SCS=Proprius Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.NP
SCSD=Clarke Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.CL
VB=Vestibular Nuclei,LPC.HT.VBN
VBG=Vestibular Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.VB
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL


References

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