BrainRegionFEC FD TH CM

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Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus

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This page covers biological details of component Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Forebrain Diencephalon -> Thalamus (FD.TH) -> Cognitive Thalamus (FD.TH.CR) -> Intralaminar and Midline Nuclei of Thalamus (FD.TH.IML) -> Intralaminar Nuclear Group of Thalamus (FEC.FD.TH.IL) -> Caudal Intralaminar Nucleus of Thalamus (FEC.FD.TH.CIL) -> Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus (FEC.FD.TH.CM) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: nucleus
  • Brain area: Forebrain - Execution Control Area
  • Role: processor.automatic
  • Function: Control of level of cortical activity
  • Notes to function: Lesions lead to persistent vegetative state




  • no child items defined



Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
FEC FEC.FT.GPI.LT Globus Pallidus Internal Lateral inhibitory-gaba Thalamocortical relationships (sCM -> CM, abstract)
LLC LLC.HT.CR.EN Emboliform Nucleus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
FEC FEC.FT.PU.LT Dorsal Putamen Lateral excitatory-glu Thalamocortical relationships (CM -> pCM, abstract)

Thirdparty Circuits


A=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
CM=Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus,FEC.FD.TH.CM
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LP=Lateral Posterior Nucleus of Thalamus,NPE.FD.TH.LP
MD=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MGN=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
P=Ventral Posterior Nuclei,NSA.FD.TH.VP (see Sensory Thalamus)
VA=Ventral Anterior Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VA
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL
VPL=Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPL
VPM=Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPM
pA=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
pCM=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
pLD=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
pLGN=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
pLP=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
pMD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
pMGN=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
pP=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
pVA=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
pVL=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
pVPL=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
pVPM=Precentral Cortex,NCP.NC.PO.PCC
s1A=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
s1MD=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
s1P=Central Cervical Nucleus,LPC.SC.IZ.CCV
s1VL=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
s2A=Mammillary Body,FD.MB (see Hypothalamus)
s2MD=Piriform Cortex,NSA.NC.PH.PIR
s2P=Principal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HT.PN.PTR
s2VL=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
s3MD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
sCM=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
sLD=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
sLP=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
sVA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
sVPL=Marginal Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.MG (see Posterior/Dorsal Horn)
sVPM=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL

AD=Anterodorsal Nucleus,FMM.FD.TH.AD
AM=Anteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.AM
AN=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
AV=Anteroventral Nucleus,FMM.FD.TH.AV
CM=Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus,FEC.FD.TH.CM
DLPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
MB=Medial Mammillary Nucleus,FMM.FD.MB.MMB
MDmc=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MID=Midline Nuclear Group of Thalamus,FD.TH.MTH (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
OFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
Perirhinal=Perirhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.PER
PostCingulate=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
Sub=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
SubPrePara=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
mPULV=Medial Pulvinar,NPE.FD.TH.MPV