BrainRegionNSA FD LGN

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Lateral Geniculate Nucleus

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This page covers biological details of component Lateral Geniculate Nucleus. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Forebrain Diencephalon -> Thalamus (FD.TH) -> Sensory Thalamus (FD.TH.SR) -> Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (NSA.FD.LGN) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: nucleus
  • Brain area: Neocortical Brain - Sensory Aggregation Area
  • Role: thalamic.sensory.primary
  • Function: Temporal decorrelation
  • Notes to function: Only 10% of inputs to LGN come from the retina. 90% are modulatory inputs from cortex and the brainstem

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Components

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Component items:

  • Dorsolateral Geniculate Body
  • Intergeniculate Leaflet of Lateral Geniculate Complex
  • Ventrolateral Geniculate Body

Connectivity

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NSA.FD.LGN.dot.png

Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
FEC FEC.HT.TG.IPD Interpeduncular Nucleus modulatory-ach (unknown reference)
LMC LMC.HT.TG.PPN Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nuclei excitatory-glu Geniculate and Extyrageniculate Paths (PPN -> LGN)
LPC LPC.FD.RT Retinal Nucleus excitatory-glu Geniculate and Extyrageniculate Paths (Retina -> LGN)
LRC LRC.MM.PT.PON Pretectal Olivary Nucleus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
LRC.MM.SC.SUP Superficial Superior Colliculus excitatory-glu Global visual system (SCs -> LGN, abstract)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
LRC LRC.MM.PT.NOT Nucleus of Optic Tract excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
NSA NSA.NC.OCC.V1 Primary Visual Cortex excitatory-glu Thalamocortical relationships (LGN -> pLGN)

Thirdparty Circuits

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A=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
CM=Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus,FEC.FD.TH.CM
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LP=Lateral Posterior Nucleus of Thalamus,NPE.FD.TH.LP
MD=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MGN=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
P=Ventral Posterior Nuclei,NSA.FD.TH.VP (see Sensory Thalamus)
VA=Ventral Anterior Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VA
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL
VPL=Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPL
VPM=Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPM
pA=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
pCM=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
pLD=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
pLGN=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
pLP=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
pMD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
pMGN=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
pP=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
pVA=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
pVL=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
pVPL=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
pVPM=Precentral Cortex,NCP.NC.PO.PCC
s1A=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
s1MD=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
s1P=Central Cervical Nucleus,LPC.SC.IZ.CCV
s1VL=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
s2A=Mammillary Body,FD.MB (see Hypothalamus)
s2MD=Piriform Cortex,NSA.NC.PH.PIR
s2P=Principal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HT.PN.PTR
s2VL=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
s3MD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
sCM=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
sLD=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
sLP=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
sVA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
sVPL=Marginal Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.MG (see Posterior/Dorsal Horn)
sVPM=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL

FEF=Frontal Eye Field,NMA.NC.PMC.FEF (see Premotor Cortex)
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OCC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC
Prestriate=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)

unavailable

7a=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG
7b=Rostral Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PF
AIP=Anterior Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.AIP
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
TE=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
TEO=Preoccipital Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT.TEO
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3A=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3d=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3v=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
V5=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
V5A=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
V6=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO
VIP=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP
cIPS=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)

LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
PG=Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS
TE=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
V5=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT

IPL=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
MST=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SPL=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
V5=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
V6=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO

Bechterew=Pontine Reticulotegmental Nucleus,LLC.HT.PRF.RTMG
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
FEFSEF=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
PPRF=Paramedian Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.PRF.PPRF (see Pontine Reticular Formation)
PrimaryVisual=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
RIP=Raphe Interpositus Nucleus,LRC.MM.RP.RIP
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
Vestibular=Superior Vestibular Nucleus,LPC.HT.SVBN
VisualAssociation=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG

CG=Ciliary Ganglion,LAC.PN.PSYM.CLG
EWN=Edinger-Westphal Nucleus,LAC.MM.EWN
EYE=Eye,TARGET.TSA.EYE
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OCN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
RT=Retinal Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.RT
SOA=Supraoculomotor Area,VBA.MM.SOA (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
STN=Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HL.TGS.STR
VAC=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)
VC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

BG=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
CN=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
GPe=Globus Pallidus External,FEC.FT.GPE (see Basal Ganglia)
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNpr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
STN=Subthalamic Nucleus,FEC.FD.STN (see Subthalamus Area)
Thalamus=Thalamus,FD.TH
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

Abducens=Abducens Nucleus,LPC.HT.ABD
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OCC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC
Oculomotor=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
Trochlear=Trochlear Nucleus,LPC.MM.TRH

HT=Hypothalamus,FD.HT
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
Pretectum=Pretectum,MM.PT (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)

7a=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
MST=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST
MT=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
PO=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
TE=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
TEO=Preoccipital Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT.TEO
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
VIP=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP

ATH=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
BGA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OPN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
ParietalCortex=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
SpinalCord=Lamina IX,SC.VH.L9 (see Anterior/Ventral Horn)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
PPN=Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nuclei,LMC.HT.TG.PPN
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
VC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC


References

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