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Medial Superior Temporal Area

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This page covers biological details of component Medial Superior Temporal Area. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Cerebral Cortex -> Parietal Lobe (NC.LOBE.PAR) -> Inferior Parietal Lobule (NC.IPL) -> Angular Gyrus (NC.IPL.AG) -> Medial Superior Temporal Area (NPE.NC.IPL.MST) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: cortex
  • Brain area: Neocortical Brain - Unimodal Execution Area
  • Brodmann ID: 39
  • Role: cortex.generic
  • Function: Image stabilization, predictive target tracking
  • Notes to function: PG, Ventro-dorsal stream




  • no child items defined



Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
NSA NSA.FD.TH.IPV Inferior Pulvinar excitatory-glu Global visual system (Pulvinar -> ParietalCortex, abstract)
NSA.NC.OCC.MT Middle Temporal Area feedforward-glu Paths from Retina to Parietal Cortex and IT (MT -> MST)
NSA.NC.OCC.PO Parietooccipital Area feedforward-glu Paths from Retina to Parietal Cortex and IT (PO -> MST)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
FMM FMM.FT.HC.CA1P Proximal CA1 of Hippocampus excitatory-glu Contribution of hippocampal region CA3 to consciousness (IPL -> CA1, abstract)
FMM.FT.HC.CA3D Distal CA3 of Hippocampus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
FMM.NC.PH.POR Postrhinal Cortex feedforward-glu Head Direction Cell Circuit (PC -> PRHC, abstract)
LRC LRC.MM.SC.SUP Superficial Superior Colliculus excitatory-glu Global visual system (ParietalCortex -> SCi, abstract)
NCP NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG Posterior Cingulate Cortex feedforward-glu Contribution of hippocampal region CA3 to consciousness (IPL -> PosteriorCingulate, abstract)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.DACG Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area feedforward-glu Global visual system (ParietalCortex -> FrontalCortex, abstract)
NDM.NC.AL.DLPFCR Rostral Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex feedforward-glu Cortico-Cortical Connectivity (PTHA -> PFC, abstract)
NMA NMA.NC.PMC.F4 Ventral Caudal Premotor Cortex feedforward-glu 3 Visual Cortex Paths (IPL -> vPM, abstract)
NPE NPE.NC.IPL.SMW Supramarginal Wernike Cortex feedforward-glu Visual Dorsal Pathway (MST -> IPL, abstract)
NPE.NC.SPL.PG Caudal Precuneus feedforward-glu Paths from Retina to Parietal Cortex and IT (MST -> 7a)

Thirdparty Circuits


AnteriorHC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
AnteriorTemporal=Anterior Temporal Lobe,NCP.NC.INS.HR
CA1=Ventrolateral Cornu Ammonis of Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC.CA1 (see Hippocampal Formation)
CA3=Dorsomedial Cornu Ammonis of Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC.CA3 (see Hippocampal Formation)
IPL=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
LateralEC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
MB=Mammillary Body,FD.MB (see Hypothalamus)
MedialEC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
PHCortex=Postrhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.POR
PRCortex=Perirhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.PER
PosteriorCingulate=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
PosteriorHC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
Retrosplenial=Retrosplenial Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.RSC
TH.AV=Anteroventral Nucleus,FMM.FD.TH.AV

AD=Anterodorsal Nucleus,FMM.FD.TH.AD
DTN=Laterodorsal Tegmental Nucleus,LMC.HT.TG.DTG
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
IPD=Interpeduncular Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.IPD
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
LMB=Lateral Mammillary Nucleus,FMM.FD.MB.LMB
MVSN=Medial Vestibular Nucleus,LPC.HT.MVBN
NPRP=Prepositus Nucleus,LRC.HL.NPH
PC=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
PRHC=Postrhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.POR
RSP=Retrosplenial Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.RSC
SUPGEN=Suprageniculate Nucleus of Thalamus,NSA.FD.TH.SG
VC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

IPL=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
MST=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SPL=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
V5=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
V6=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO

7a=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
MST=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST
MT=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
PO=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
TE=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
TEO=Preoccipital Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT.TEO
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
VIP=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP

ATH=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
BGA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OPN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
ParietalCortex=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
SpinalCord=Lamina IX,SC.VH.L9 (see Anterior/Ventral Horn)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

IPL=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
IPS=Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
LPC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
MI=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
OCC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC
SPL=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
dPM=Dorsal Premotor Cortex,MCA.NC.DPMC (see Premotor Cortex)
pre-SMA=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
vPM=Ventral Premotor Cortex,MCA.NC.VPMC (see Premotor Cortex)

A1=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
AA=Wernicke's area A3,NSA.NC.STG.A3
M1=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
MA=Premotor Cortex,NC.PMC
PFC=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
PTHA=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
SA=Somatosensory Association Cortex,NCP.NC.SPL.SA
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
VA=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)

IPL=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST

IPL=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST