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Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area

@@Home -> BiologicalLifeResearch -> BrainAreaNDM -> BrainRegionNDM_NC_AL_DACG

This page covers biological details of component Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Cerebral Cortex -> Anterior Lobe (NC.LOBE.ANT) -> Anterior Cingulate Area (NC.ACG) -> Anterior Cingulate Cortex (NC.AL.ACG) -> Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area (NDM.NC.AL.DACG) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: cortex
  • Brain area: Neocortical Brain - Decision Making Area
  • Brodmann ID: 32
  • Role: cortex.generic
  • Function: Rational Thought Processes
  • Notes to function: Anticipate and detect targets, indicate novelty, influence motor responses, encode reward values, and signal errors, motor, attentional and cognitive functions; BA32-rostral




  • no child items defined



Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FT.AM.AB Accessory Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (AM -> ACG, abstract)
FMM FMM.FD.TH.LD Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus excitatory-glu Thalamocortical relationships (LD -> pLD, abstract)
LMC LMC.MM.VTA Ventral Tegmental Area modulatory-da (unknown reference)
NCP NCP.FD.TH.LI Limitans Nucleus of Thalamus excitatory-glu Afferent pain pathways (Thalamus -> ACC, abstract)
NCP.NC.AL.SGCG Subgenual Cingulate Cortex feedforward-glu Regulation of Social Brain (SGC -> DACC)
NCP.NC.INS.PPC Peripaleocortical Claustral feedforward-glu Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (INS -> ACG, abstract)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.DLPFCR Rostral Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex feedforward-glu Prefrontal Cortex (PFC) in emotional behavior (LPFC -> ACG, abstract)
NDM.NC.AL.DMPFC Dorsomedial Prefrontal Cortex feedforward-glu (unknown reference)
NDM.NC.AL.ROFCR Most Rostral Orbitofrontal Cortex feedforward-glu Role for serotonin in moral behavior (OMPFC -> ACG, abstract)
NMA NMA.FD.TH.MDL Lateral Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus excitatory-glu Saccadic Vision (Thalamus -> FrontalCortex, abstract)
NPE NPE.NC.IPL.MST Medial Superior Temporal Area feedforward-glu Global visual system (ParietalCortex -> FrontalCortex, abstract)
NPE.NC.SPL.PF Rostral Precuneus feedforward-glu Global visual system (ParietalCortex -> FrontalCortex, abstract)
NSA NSA.NC.TTG.A2 Auditory Association Area feedforward-glu Directed Effort Network (ACA -> dACC)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FT.AM.BP Parvicellular Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu Role for serotonin in moral behavior (ACG -> AMY, abstract)
FEC FEC.FD.STN.CD Subthalamic Nucleus Caudal excitatory-glu Functional subdivisions of the subthalamic nucleus (ACG -> STN, abstract)
FEC.FT.CN.HD Caudate Nucleus Head excitatory-glu Global visual system (FrontalCortex -> BGA, abstract)
NCP NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG Posterior Cingulate Cortex feedforward-glu Global visual system (FrontalCortex -> ParietalCortex, abstract)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.VACG Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area feedforward-glu Principal Connections of Hippocampus (DorsalCingulate -> VentralCingulate)
NMA NMA.NC.PMC.F7 Dorsal Rostral Premotor Cortex feedforward-glu (unknown reference)

Thirdparty Circuits


AN=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
DG=Dentate Gyrus,FMM.FT.HC.DG
DorsalCingulate=Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.DACG
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HC=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
MB=Medial Mammillary Nucleus,FMM.FD.MB.MMB
PosteriorCingulate=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
SEP=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
SUB=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
VentralCingulate=Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.VACG

ATH=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
BGA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OPN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
ParietalCortex=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
SpinalCord=Lamina IX,SC.VH.L9 (see Anterior/Ventral Horn)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

ACG=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
FEF=Frontal Eye Field,NMA.NC.PMC.FEF (see Premotor Cortex)
GPe=Globus Pallidus External,FEC.FT.GPE (see Basal Ganglia)
GPi=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
MC=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata,FEC.FT.SNR (see Basal Ganglia)
STN=Subthalamic Nucleus,FEC.FD.STN (see Subthalamus Area)
VP=Ventral Pallidum,FEC.FT.VP (see Basal Ganglia)

ACC=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
BG=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
Cerebellum=Cerebellar Complex,LLC.HT.CRC
Insula=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
PB=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PFC=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
S2=Secondary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S2
SC=Posterior/Dorsal Horn,BMA.SC.PH
Thalamus=Sensory Thalamus,FD.TH.SR

ACG=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
LPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
OMPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)

Caud=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
DACC=Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.DACG
DLPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
Hipp=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
IFG=Inferior Prefrontal Gyrus,NDM.NC.AL.IPG
LSN=Lateral Spinal Nucleus,LAC.SC.LH.LSN
MPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
NACC=Accumbens Nucleus,FEC.FT.ACC (see Basal Ganglia)
OFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
PhippG=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
Put=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
SGC=Subgenual Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.AL.SGCG
SN=Substantia Nigra,FEC.FT.SN (see Basal Ganglia)
VACC=Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.VACG
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA
VentPal=Ventral Pallidum,FEC.FT.VP (see Basal Ganglia)

AC22=Wernicke's area A4,NSA.NC.STG.A4
ACA=Auditory Association Area,NSA.NC.TTG.A2
DLPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
Insula=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
OPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
PPC=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
dACC=Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.DACG
fPole=Inferior Prefrontal Gyrus,NDM.NC.AL.IPG
tPole=Temporopolar Cortex,NCP.NC.TPC
vACC=Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.VACG

dACC=Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.DACG

dACC=Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.DACG