BrainRegionNDM NC AL VACG

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Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area

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This page covers biological details of component Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Cerebral Cortex -> Anterior Lobe (NC.LOBE.ANT) -> Anterior Cingulate Area (NC.ACG) -> Anterior Cingulate Cortex (NC.AL.ACG) -> Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area (NDM.NC.AL.VACG) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: cortex
  • Brain area: Neocortical Brain - Decision Making Area
  • Brodmann ID: 24
  • Role: cortex.generic
  • Function: Seat of Free Will
  • Notes to function: motor, attentional and cognitive functions; BA24-rostral

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Components

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  • no child items defined

Connectivity

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NDM.NC.AL.VACG.dot.png

Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FT.AM.AB Accessory Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (AM -> ACG, abstract)
NCP NCP.FD.TH.AM Anteromedial Nucleus excitatory-glu Saccadic Vision (Thalamus -> FrontalCortex, abstract)
NCP.NC.AL.SGCG Subgenual Cingulate Cortex feedforward-glu Regulation of Social Brain (SGC -> VACC)
NCP.NC.INS.AIC Anterior Insular Cortex feedforward-glu Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (INS -> ACG, abstract)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.DACG Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area feedforward-glu Principal Connections of Hippocampus (DorsalCingulate -> VentralCingulate)
NDM.NC.AL.FPC Lateral Frontopolar Cortex feedforward-glu Role for serotonin in moral behavior (OMPFC -> ACG, abstract)
NDM.NC.AL.IPG Inferior Prefrontal Gyrus feedforward-glu Directed Effort Network (fPole -> vACC)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FT.AM.BP Parvicellular Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu Role for serotonin in moral behavior (ACG -> AMY, abstract)
FEC FEC.FT.ACC.SH Nucleus Accumbens Shell excitatory-glu Global visual system (FrontalCortex -> BGA, abstract)
FEC.FT.CN.BD Caudate Nucleus Body excitatory-glu Global visual system (FrontalCortex -> BGA, abstract)
FEC.FT.PU.VT Ventral Putamen excitatory-glu Global visual system (FrontalCortex -> BGA, abstract)
LLC LLC.HT.PRF.RTMG Pontine Reticulotegmental Nucleus excitatory-glu Motor neurons control (CTX -> PRF, abstract)
LLC.MM.RD Red Nucleus excitatory-glu Cerebellum functional divisions (CTX -> RD, abstract)
LMC LMC.HT.LC Locus Coeruleus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
NCP NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG Posterior Cingulate Cortex feedforward-glu Principal Connections of Hippocampus (VentralCingulate -> PosteriorCingulate)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.DLPFCR Rostral Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex feedforward-glu Role for serotonin in moral behavior (ACG -> LPFC, abstract)
NMA NMA.NC.PMC.F2 Dorsal Caudal Premotor Cortex feedforward-glu (unknown reference)

Thirdparty Circuits

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AM=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
AN=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
DG=Dentate Gyrus,FMM.FT.HC.DG
DorsalCingulate=Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.DACG
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HC=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
MB=Medial Mammillary Nucleus,FMM.FD.MB.MMB
PosteriorCingulate=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
SEP=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
SUB=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
VentralCingulate=Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.VACG

ATH=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
BGA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OPN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
ParietalCortex=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
SpinalCord=Lamina IX,SC.VH.L9 (see Anterior/Ventral Horn)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
CTX=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
EAMN=Anterior/Ventral Horn,SC.VH
EGMN=Anterior/Ventral Horn,SC.VH
FAMN=Anterior/Ventral Horn,SC.VH
FG=Fastigual Nucleus,LRC.HT.CR.FG
IP=Interposed Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.IP (see Cerebellar Complex)
LT=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
MRF=Medullary Reticular Formation,HL.RF
PRF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
RD=Red Nucleus,LLC.MM.RD
VB=Vestibular Nuclei,LPC.HT.VBN

CCV=Central Cervical Nucleus,LPC.SC.IZ.CCV
CRP=Cerebellar Lateral Lobe,LLC.HT.CR.CC
CRS=Cerebellar Paravermis,LLC.HT.CR.PV
CRV=Cerebellar Vermis,LRC.HT.CR.VM
CTX=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
DN=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
FG=Fastigual Nucleus,LRC.HT.CR.FG
IO=Inferior Olivary Nucleus,LLC.HL.IO
IP=Interposed Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.IP (see Cerebellar Complex)
LT=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
PNN=Basilar Pontine Nuclei,LLC.HT.BPN
RD=Red Nucleus,LLC.MM.RD
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
SCM=Anterior/Ventral Horn,SC.VH
SCS=Proprius Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.NP
SCSD=Clarke Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.CL
VB=Vestibular Nuclei,LPC.HT.VBN
VBG=Vestibular Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.VB
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL

ACC=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
AMY=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
BG=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
Cerebellum=Cerebellar Complex,LLC.HT.CRC
Insula=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
PB=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PFC=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
S2=Secondary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S2
SC=Posterior/Dorsal Horn,BMA.SC.PH
Thalamus=Sensory Thalamus,FD.TH.SR

ACG=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
AMY=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
HYP=Hypothalamus,FD.HT
LPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
OMPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)

AMG=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
Caud=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
DACC=Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.DACG
DLPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
Hipp=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
IFG=Inferior Prefrontal Gyrus,NDM.NC.AL.IPG
LSN=Lateral Spinal Nucleus,LAC.SC.LH.LSN
MPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
NACC=Accumbens Nucleus,FEC.FT.ACC (see Basal Ganglia)
OFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
PhippG=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
Put=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
SGC=Subgenual Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.AL.SGCG
SN=Substantia Nigra,FEC.FT.SN (see Basal Ganglia)
VACC=Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.VACG
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA
VentPal=Ventral Pallidum,FEC.FT.VP (see Basal Ganglia)

AC22=Wernicke's area A4,NSA.NC.STG.A4
ACA=Auditory Association Area,NSA.NC.TTG.A2
AM=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
DLPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
Insula=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
OPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
PPC=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
dACC=Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.DACG
fPole=Inferior Prefrontal Gyrus,NDM.NC.AL.IPG
tPole=Temporopolar Cortex,NCP.NC.TPC
vACC=Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.VACG

A1=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
Broca=Broca's Area,NPE.NC.PFC.BRA (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
M2=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
MotorV=Trigeminal Motor Nucleus,LPC.HT.TRM
MotorVII=Facial Motor Nucleus,LPC.HT.FCM
NucleusAmbiguus=Ambiguus Nucleus,LPC.HL.AMB
NucleusXII=Hypoglossal Motor Nucleus,LPC.HL.HYG
Premotor24=Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.VACG
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Wernike=Wernicke's area A4,NSA.NC.STG.A4


References

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