BrainRegionNMA NC PMC F4

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Ventral Caudal Premotor Cortex

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This page covers biological details of component Ventral Caudal Premotor Cortex. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Cerebral Cortex -> Anterior Lobe (NC.LOBE.ANT) -> Premotor Cortex (NC.PMC) -> Ventral Premotor Cortex (MCA.NC.VPMC) -> Ventral Caudal Premotor Cortex (NMA.NC.PMC.F4) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: cortex
  • Brain area: Neocortical Brain - Motor Aggregation Area
  • Brodmann ID: 06
  • Role: cortex.motor.extensor
  • Function: Sensory guidance of movement
  • Notes to function: 6VC; Neurons are especially sensitive to objects in space immediately surrounding body; move head, face and arm




  • no child items defined



Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
NMA NMA.NC.SMC.F6 Pre-Supplementary Motor Area feedforward-glu Primate Control of Grasping (F6 -> F4)
NPE NPE.NC.IPL.MST Medial Superior Temporal Area feedforward-glu 3 Visual Cortex Paths (IPL -> vPM, abstract)
NPE.NC.IPL.SMW Supramarginal Wernike Cortex feedforward-glu 3 Visual Cortex Paths (IPL -> vPM, abstract)
NSA NSA.NC.IPS.AIP Anterior Intraparietal Sulcus feedforward-glu Primate Control of Grasping (AIP -> F4)
NSA.NC.IPS.VIP Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus feedforward-glu Primate Control of Grasping (VIP -> F4)
NSA.NC.STG.A3 Wernicke's area A3 feedforward-glu Dual Auditory Processing (ST -> VLPFC, abstract)
NSA.NC.STG.A4 Wernicke's area A4 feedforward-glu Language-Related Regions (pSTC -> PMC, abstract)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
NDM NDM.NC.AL.DLPFCL Lateral Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex feedforward-glu Cortico-Cortical Connectivity (MA -> PFC, abstract)
NMA NMA.NC.PMC.F2 Dorsal Caudal Premotor Cortex feedforward-glu (unknown reference)
NMA.NC.SMC.F3 Supplementary Motor Area feedforward-glu (unknown reference)

Thirdparty Circuits


ATH=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
BGA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OPN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
ParietalCortex=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
SpinalCord=Lamina IX,SC.VH.L9 (see Anterior/Ventral Horn)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

A1=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
AA=Wernicke's area A3,NSA.NC.STG.A3
M1=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
MA=Premotor Cortex,NC.PMC
PFC=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
PTHA=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
SA=Somatosensory Association Cortex,NCP.NC.SPL.SA
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
VA=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)

46=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
AIP=Anterior Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.AIP
BG=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
BTH=Ventral Anterior Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VA
F1=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
F2=Dorsal Caudal Premotor Cortex,NMA.NC.PMC.F2
F4=Ventral Caudal Premotor Cortex,NMA.NC.PMC.F4
F5=Ventral Rostral Premotor Cortex,NMA.NC.PMC.F5
F6=Pre-Supplementary Motor Area,NMA.NC.SMC.F6
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
PIP=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
S2=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
VC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC
VIP=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP