BrainRegionNSA NC IT TE

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Inferotemporal Cortex

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This page covers biological details of component Inferotemporal Cortex. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Cerebral Cortex -> Temporal Lobe (NC.LOBE.TEMP) -> Inferotemporal Area (NSA.NC.IT) -> Inferotemporal Cortex (NSA.NC.IT.TE) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: cortex
  • Brain area: Neocortical Brain - Sensory Aggregation Area
  • Brodmann ID: 20
  • Role: cortex.generic
  • Function: Represent different views of objects
  • Notes to function: Face recognition, high level visual processing

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Components

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  • no child items defined

Connectivity

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NSA.NC.IT.TE.dot.png

Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
NSA NSA.NC.IT.TEO Preoccipital Inferotemporal Area feedforward-glu Paths from Retina to Parietal Cortex and IT (TEO -> TE)
NSA.NC.OCC.V4D Dorsal Visual Area V4 feedforward-glu Primate Control of Grasping (VC -> IT, abstract)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FT.AM.LADL Dorsolateral Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu Amygdala and its network (ITC -> LA, abstract)
FEC FEC.FT.CN.BD Caudate Nucleus Body excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
FMM FMM.NC.PH.LEC Lateral Entorhinal Cortex feedforward-glu McNaughton Spatial Processing Network (ITCortex -> EnthCortex, abstract)
FMM.NC.PH.PER Perirhinal Cortex feedforward-glu Visual Path to Hippocampus (IT -> PRPH)
LRC LRC.HT.PRF.RPO Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus excitatory-glu Saccades and smooth movements (TEF -> DLPN, abstract)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.DLPFCL Lateral Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex feedforward-glu 3 Visual Cortex Paths (IT -> LPC, abstract)
NPE NPE.NC.PMC.CFEF Caudal Frontal Eye Field feedforward-glu Saccades and smooth movements (TEF -> FEF, abstract)
NSA NSA.NC.IPS.AIP Anterior Intraparietal Sulcus feedforward-glu Primate Control of Grasping (IT -> AIP, abstract)

Thirdparty Circuits

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EnthCortex=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HF=Hippocampal Formation,FMM.FT.HF
ITCortex=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
PCGRSP=Medial Parietal Lobule,NC.MPL
ParInsVestCortex=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP
PosteriorParietalCortex=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG
SUB=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
SomSensCortex=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

A=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
ER=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
H=Hippocampal Formation,FMM.FT.HF
IT=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
PRPH=Perirhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.PER
TEO=Preoccipital Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT.TEO
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)

CN=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
DLPN=Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus,LRC.HT.PRF.RPO
Extrastriate=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
FEF=Frontal Eye Field,NMA.NC.PMC.FEF (see Premotor Cortex)
PPC=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)
PPRF=Paramedian Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.PRF.PPRF (see Pontine Reticular Formation)
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SN=Substantia Nigra,FEC.FT.SN (see Basal Ganglia)
Striate=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
TEF=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
VGC=Cajal Nucleus,LRC.MM.CJ
Vestibular=Lateral Vestibular Nucleus,LPC.HT.LVBN

IPL=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
IPS=Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
LPC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
MI=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
OCC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC
SPL=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
dPM=Dorsal Premotor Cortex,MCA.NC.DPMC (see Premotor Cortex)
pre-SMA=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
vPM=Ventral Premotor Cortex,MCA.NC.VPMC (see Premotor Cortex)

46=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
AIP=Anterior Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.AIP
BG=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
BTH=Ventral Anterior Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VA
F1=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
F2=Dorsal Caudal Premotor Cortex,NMA.NC.PMC.F2
F4=Ventral Caudal Premotor Cortex,NMA.NC.PMC.F4
F5=Ventral Rostral Premotor Cortex,NMA.NC.PMC.F5
F6=Pre-Supplementary Motor Area,NMA.NC.SMC.F6
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
PIP=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
S2=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
VC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC
VIP=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP

BLN=Parvicellular Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus,FAM.FT.AM.BP
CEA=Central Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM.CEA (see Amygdala)
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
HTS=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
ITC=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
LA=Lateral Amygdaloid Nucleus,FAM.FT.AM.LA (see Amygdala)
LHB=Lateral Habenula,FAM.FD.LHB (see Habenula)
MD=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MPFC=Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OMPFC
NACC=Accumbens Nucleus,FEC.FT.ACC (see Basal Ganglia)
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
RMTG=Rostromedial Tegmental Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.RMTG
STC=Wernicke's area A3,NSA.NC.STG.A3
VGDM=Vagus Nucleus,LAC.HL.VGN
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA

7a=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG
7b=Rostral Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PF
AIP=Anterior Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.AIP
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
TE=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
TEO=Preoccipital Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT.TEO
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3A=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3d=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3v=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
V5=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
V5A=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
V6=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO
VIP=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP
cIPS=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)

7a=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
MST=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST
MT=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
PO=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
TE=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
TEO=Preoccipital Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT.TEO
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
VIP=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP


References

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