BrainRegionLAC FD HT LTN

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Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus

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This page covers biological details of component Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Forebrain Diencephalon -> Hypothalamus (FD.HT) -> Lateral Hypothalamic Area (LAC.FD.HT.LT) -> Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus (LAC.FD.HT.LTN) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: nucleus
  • Brain area: Lower Brain - Autonomous Control Area
  • Role: processor.autonomic
  • Function: feeding center
  • Notes to function: lesions - lack of appetite

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Components

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  • no child items defined

Connectivity

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LAC.FD.HT.LTN.dot.png

Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FT.AM.BP Parvicellular Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu Amygdala and its network (BLN -> HTS)
FAM.FT.AM.CEM Medial Central Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (AM -> HT.L, abstract)
FAM.FT.SEP.SH Septohippocampal Nucleus excitatory-glu Cingulate Gyrus (SEP -> HT, abstract)
FEC FEC.FT.ACC.SH Nucleus Accumbens Shell inhibitory-gaba (unknown reference)
LAC LAC.FD.HT.AR Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus excitatory-glu Intrahypothalamic connections important for neural control of food intake and energy balance (ARC -> LHA)
LAC.FD.HT.DM Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus excitatory-glu Eating and sleeping to survive (DMH -> LHA)
LAC.FD.HT.VM Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus excitatory-glu Glucose-sensing neural network (VMH -> LHA)
LPC LPC.HL.SOL Solitary Nucleus excitatory-glu Schematic of hypothalamic circuitry underlying satiety (NTS -> LHA)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FD.LHB.LT Lateral Habenula Lateral Part excitatory-glu Regulation of the rapid eye movement (REM) sleep by habenular projection (LHT -> LHbL)
FAM.FD.LHB.MED Lateral Habenula Medial Part excitatory-glu Both LHb and MHb control the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems (LHA -> LHbM)
LAC LAC.FD.HT.PV Paraventricular Nucleus excitatory-glu Schematic of hypothalamic circuitry underlying satiety (LHA -> PVN)
LMC LMC.HL.RP.MG Raphe Magnus Nucleus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.ROFCS Sulcal Rostral Orbitofrontal Cortex excitatory-glu Bowels control brain: gut hormones and obesity (LHA -> OFC, abstract)

Thirdparty Circuits

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ARC=Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus,LAC.FD.HT.AR
DMH=Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.DM
LHA=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
NTS=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
PVN=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
VMH=Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VM

AMY=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
ARC=Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus,LAC.FD.HT.AR
DS=Dorsal Striatum,FEC.FT.DST (see Basal Ganglia)
LHA=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
ME=Endocrine Glands,TARGET.TEA.ENDOCRINE
NAc=Accumbens Nucleus,FEC.FT.ACC (see Basal Ganglia)
NTS=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
OFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
PBN=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PVN=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
VMN=Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VM
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA

DBB=Diagonal Band of Broca,FAM.FT.SEP.DBB
DTG=Laterodorsal Tegmental Nucleus,LMC.HT.TG.DTG
EPN=Endopiriform Nucleus,FAM.FT.EPF
GPi=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
LHT=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
LHbL=Lateral Habenula Lateral Part,FAM.FD.LHB.LT
LHbM=Lateral Habenula Medial Part,FAM.FD.LHB.MED
NI=Incertus Nucleus,FAM.HT.TG.NI
RMTg=Rostromedial Tegmental Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.RMTG
Raphe=Raphe Nuclei of Medulla,LMC.HL.RP (see Medullary Reticular Formation)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta,FEC.FT.SNC (see Basal Ganglia)
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA
VTG=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTG

DBB=Diagonal Band of Broca,FAM.FT.SEP.DBB
DRN=Dorsal Raphe Nucleus,LMC.MM.RP.DRN
GPb=Dorsal Pallidum,FEC.FT.DP (see Basal Ganglia)
IPN=Interpeduncular Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.IPD
LHA=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
LHbL=Lateral Habenula Lateral Part,FAM.FD.LHB.LT
LHbM=Lateral Habenula Medial Part,FAM.FD.LHB.MED
LPO=Ventrolateral Preoptic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VLPO
LS=Lateral Septal Nucleus,FAM.FT.SEP.LT
MHb=Medial Habenula,FAM.FD.MHB
MRN=Raphe Nuclei of Medulla,LMC.HL.RP (see Medullary Reticular Formation)
MS=Medial Septal Nucleus,FAM.FT.SEP.MED
PS=Posterior Septal Group,FAM.FT.SEP.PG (see Septal Nuclei)
RMTg=Rostromedial Tegmental Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.RMTG
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta,FEC.FT.SNC (see Basal Ganglia)
VP=Ventral Pallidum,FEC.FT.VP (see Basal Ganglia)
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA

B=Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus,FAM.FT.AM.B (see Amygdala)
CE=Central Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM.CEA (see Amygdala)
Hippocampus=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
Hypothalamus=Hypothalamus,FD.HT
ITC=Intercalated Amygdaloid Nuclei,FAM.FT.AM.ITC
LA=Lateral Amygdaloid Nucleus,FAM.FT.AM.LA (see Amygdala)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
dlPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
vmPFC=Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.VMPFC

ARC=Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus,LAC.FD.HT.AR
DMN=Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.DM
LHA=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
PVH=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
VMH=Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VM

DMH=Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.DM
LH=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
NTS=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
PBN=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PVH=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
SCN=Suprachiasmatic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.SCN

ARC=Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus,LAC.FD.HT.AR
DMH=Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.DM
LHA=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
MPO=Median Preoptic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.MPO
PVH=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
SCN=Suprachiasmatic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.SCN
VLPO=Ventrolateral Preoptic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VLPO
VMH=Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VM

AH=Anterior Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.AH
ARC=Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus,LAC.FD.HT.AR
DMN=Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.DM
LHA=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
MPOA=Median Preoptic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.MPO
PA=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
SCH=Suprachiasmatic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.SCN
SON=Supraoptic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.SO
VMN=Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VM

CPu=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
EP=Endopiriform Nucleus,FAM.FT.EPF
Hippo=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
IPN=Interpeduncular Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.IPD
L=Lateral Habenula,FAM.FD.LHB (see Habenula)
LH=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
M=Medial Habenula,FAM.FD.MHB
NAc=Accumbens Nucleus,FEC.FT.ACC (see Basal Ganglia)
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
Raphe=Raphe Nuclei of Medulla,LMC.HL.RP (see Medullary Reticular Formation)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta,FEC.FT.SNC (see Basal Ganglia)
Septum=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA

BLN=Parvicellular Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus,FAM.FT.AM.BP
CEA=Central Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM.CEA (see Amygdala)
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
HTS=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
ITC=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
LA=Lateral Amygdaloid Nucleus,FAM.FT.AM.LA (see Amygdala)
LHB=Lateral Habenula,FAM.FD.LHB (see Habenula)
MD=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MPFC=Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OMPFC
NACC=Accumbens Nucleus,FEC.FT.ACC (see Basal Ganglia)
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
RMTG=Rostromedial Tegmental Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.RMTG
STC=Wernicke's area A3,NSA.NC.STG.A3
VGDM=Vagus Nucleus,LAC.HL.VGN
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA


References

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