BrainAreaLPC

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Peripheral Control Area

Home -> BiologicalLifeResearch -> BrainAreaLPC


Local Circuits

(generated)

ID Name Regions
ABS Breathing and Swallowing Motor LPC.HL.AMB, LPC.SC.VH.PHR
AVB Vestibular Sensory and Motor LPC.HT.IVBN, LPC.HT.LVBN, LPC.HT.MVBN, LPC.HT.SVBN, LPC.PN.SG.CVB, LPC.PN.SG.SVB, LPC.PN.SG.UVB
AVM Vision Motor LPC.HT.ABD, LPC.MM.OCN, LPC.MM.TRH
AVS Vision Sensory LPC.FD.RT, LPC.PN.SG.RT
MBE Control Body Extensors LPC.SC.VH.VL, LPC.SC.VH.VM
MBFG Control Body Generic Flexors LPC.SC.VH.PL, LPC.SC.VH.PM
MBFS Control Body Special Flexors LPC.SC.VH.ONF, LPC.SC.VH.RPL, LPC.SC.VH.SAN
MF Control Face Muscles LPC.HL.HYG, LPC.HT.FCM, LPC.HT.TRM
SA Auditory Sense LPC.HL.DCOCH, LPC.HL.VCOCH, LPC.HT.PN.LL, LPC.MM.CIC, LPC.MM.SOC, LPC.PN.SG.SP
SBC Common Body Sensations LPC.SC.IZ.CCV, LPC.SC.LH.LCV, LPC.SC.PH.NP
SBL Lower Body Conscious Sensations LPC.HL.GR, LPC.PN.SG.LDRG, LPC.SC.PH.LMG, LPC.SC.PH.LSG
SBU Upper Body Conscious Sensations LPC.HL.CU, LPC.PN.SG.UDRG, LPC.SC.PH.UMG, LPC.SC.PH.USG
SF Sensory Face LPC.HL.TGS.STR, LPC.HT.PN.PTR, LPC.MM.MSTR, LPC.PN.SG.TRG
SP Pain Sensations LPC.HT.PRF.PB
SSS Smell Senses LPC.FT.AOB, LPC.FT.AON, LPC.FT.MOB, LPC.PN.SG.MOE, LPC.PN.SG.VNO
STS Taste Senses LPC.HL.SOL, LPC.PN.SG.GNG, LPC.PN.SG.JUG, LPC.PN.SG.NOD, LPC.PN.SG.PET
SU Unconscious Cerebellar Sensations LPC.HL.ACU, LPC.SC.IZ.CBS, LPC.SC.IZ.IMM, LPC.SC.PH.CL

Breathing and Swallowing Motor

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HL.AMB Ambiguus Nucleus nucleus LRM Control muscles of the soft palate, pharynx, and larnyx On par with VGM, speech; speech and swallowing
LPC.SC.VH.PHR Phrenic Nucleus nucleus LMD Innervation of diaphragm Projections from Nucleus Solitarius

Internal Region Connections:

  • no connections

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Cortical
NMA LPC.HL.AMB NMA.NC.MC Motor Cortex neocortex-nucleus (unknown reference)
Subcortical
LMC LPC.HL.AMB LMC.MM.PAG Periaqueductal Gray Matter nucleus-nucleus-ENK (unknown reference)
LPC LPC.HL.AMB LPC.HL.SOL Solitary Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HL.AMB LRC.HL.RA Retroambigualis Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.HT.PRF.CRF Caudal Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Vocal Control (RF -> NucleusAmbiguus, abstract)
LPC.SC.VH.PHR LRC.HL.RA Retroambigualis Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Target
TEA LPC.HL.AMB TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-inferior-pharyngeal-constrictor-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LUNG Lung TARGET.TEA.LUNG-stylopharyngeus-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.SPEAKER Mouth speaker TARGET.TEA.SPEAKER-arytenoid-muscle (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.VH.PHR TARGET.TEA.LUNG Lung TARGET.TEA.LUNG-thoracic-diaphragm (unknown reference)
TSA LPC.HL.AMB TARGET.TSA.NOSE Nose TARGET.TSA.NOSE-nose-salpingopharyngeus (unknown reference)

Vestibular Sensory and Motor

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HT.IVBN Inferior Vestibular Nuclei nucleus LSM maintain balance, coordinating postural adjustments to CR; to oculomotor, trochlear, abducens,
accessory oculomotor
LPC.HT.LVBN Lateral Vestibular Nucleus nucleus LSM controlling body position to sacral, ipsilateral - lateral vestibulospinal
tract
LPC.HT.MVBN Medial Vestibular Nucleus nucleus LSM controlling head position, integrate head and eye movements; maintain balance,
coordinating postural adjustments; coordination for horizontal eye movements
to thoracic, bilateral - medial vestibulospinal
tract in MLF; to CR; to oculomotor, trochlear,
abducens, accessory oculomotor
LPC.HT.SVBN Superior Vestibular Nucleus nucleus LSM conscious perception of movement and gravity to oculomotor, trochlear, abducens, accessory
oculomotor; to VPI
LPC.PN.SG.CVB Vestibular Ganglion - Semicircular Canal Neurons sensory ganglion LSC Relay head movements in 3D coords
LPC.PN.SG.SVB Vestibular Ganglion - Saccule Neurons sensory ganglion LSC Relay vertical linear acceleration
LPC.PN.SG.UVB Vestibular Ganglion - Utricle Neurons sensory ganglion LSC Relay horizontal linear acceleration

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.PN.SG.CVB LPC.HT.MVBN ganglion-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VBG -> VB, abstract)
LPC.HT.SVBN ganglion-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VBG -> VB, abstract)
LPC.PN.SG.SVB LPC.HT.IVBN ganglion-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VBG -> VB, abstract)
LPC.HT.LVBN ganglion-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VBG -> VB, abstract)
LPC.PN.SG.UVB LPC.HT.LVBN ganglion-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VBG -> VB, abstract)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LPC LPC.HT.IVBN LPC.SC.IZ.CCV Central Cervical Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HT.IVBN LRC.HT.PRF.RPO Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.LVBN LRC.HT.CR.FG Fastigual Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (FG -> VB, abstract)
LPC.HT.MVBN LRC.HT.CR.FN Cerebellar Flocconodular Lobe nucleus-nucleus-gaba (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.SVBN LRC.HT.CR.FN Cerebellar Flocconodular Lobe nucleus-nucleus-gaba (unknown reference)
Target
TSA LPC.PN.SG.CVB TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-semicircular-canals (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.SVB TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-saccule (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.UVB TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-utricle (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NSA LPC.HT.MVBN NSA.FD.TH.SG Suprageniculate Nucleus of Thalamus nucleus-nucleus Head Direction Cell Circuit (MVSN -> SUPGEN)
LPC.HT.SVBN NSA.FD.TH.SG Suprageniculate Nucleus of Thalamus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
Subcortical
LPC LPC.HT.LVBN LPC.SC.VH.VL Ventrolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VB -> SCM, abstract)
LPC.HT.MVBN LPC.HT.ABD Abducens Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.MM.OCN Oculomotor Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.MM.TRH Trochlear Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.VH.SAN Spinal Accessory Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VB -> SCM, abstract)
LPC.HT.SVBN LPC.MM.OCN Oculomotor Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.MM.TRH Trochlear Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HT.IVBN LRC.HT.CR.FN Cerebellar Flocconodular Lobe nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.HT.PRF.CRF Caudal Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) (VestibularNuclei -> PPRF, abstract)
LPC.HT.LVBN LRC.HL.RF.SLRN Lateral Reticular Nucleus, Subtrigeminal nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.MVBN LRC.HL.INM Intercalated Nucleus of Medulla nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.HL.NPH Prepositus Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Head Direction Cell Circuit (MVSN -> NPRP)
LRC.HT.CR.VM Cerebellar Vermis nucleus-allocortex Cerebellum functional divisions (VB -> CRV, abstract)
LRC.MM.DSCH Darkschewitsch Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.SVB LRC.HT.CR.FN Cerebellar Flocconodular Lobe ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)

Vision Motor

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HT.ABD Abducens Nucleus nucleus LMD Conjugated movements of both eyes Motoneurons - to muscle, interneurons - to OCN
LPC.MM.OCN Oculomotor Nucleus nucleus LMD Change Eye Direction Muscle nucleus
LPC.MM.TRH Trochlear Nucleus nucleus LMD Control superior oblique muscles of eyes Muscle nucleus, change eye direction

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.HT.ABD LPC.MM.OCN nucleus-nucleus Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) (Abducens -> Oculomotor)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LPC LPC.HT.ABD LPC.HT.FCM Facial Motor Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (Facial -> Abducens)
LPC.HT.MVBN Medial Vestibular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.MM.OCN LPC.HL.TGS.STR Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (SpinalTrigeminal -> Oculomotor)
LPC.HT.MVBN Medial Vestibular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.SVBN Superior Vestibular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.MM.TRH LPC.HT.MVBN Medial Vestibular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.SVBN Superior Vestibular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HT.ABD LRC.HT.PRF.RPO Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) (PPRF -> Abducens, abstract)
LRC.MM.SC.DEEP Deep Superior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus Retina and superior colliculus targets (SC -> Abducens, abstract)
LPC.MM.OCN LRC.HT.PRF.RPO Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Global visual system (RF -> OPN, abstract)
LRC.MM.CJ Cajal Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (SupraOculomotor -> Oculomotor, abstract)
LRC.MM.PT.SL Sublentiform Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.MM.RIMLF Rostral Interstitial Nucleus of MLF nucleus-nucleus Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (SupraOculomotor -> Oculomotor, abstract)
LRC.MM.SC.DEEP Deep Superior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus Retina and superior colliculus targets (SC -> Oculomotor, abstract)
LPC.MM.TRH LRC.MM.CJ Cajal Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.MM.SC.DEEP Deep Superior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus Retina and superior colliculus targets (SC -> Trochlear, abstract)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Target
TSA LPC.HT.ABD TARGET.TSA.EYE Eye TARGET.TSA.EYE-eye-muscle-rotate-vestibular Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (Abducens -> EYE)
LPC.MM.OCN TARGET.TSA.EYE Eye TARGET.TSA.EYE-eye-muscle-rotate-major-inferior-oblique Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (Oculomotor -> EYE)
LPC.MM.TRH TARGET.TSA.EYE Eye TARGET.TSA.EYE-eye-muscle-rotate-minor Extraocular eye muscles (TRC -> EYE)

Vision Sensory

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.FD.RT Retinal Nucleus nucleus LSC Spatial decorrelation through center surround inhibition 100:1 cones/rods to ganglion cells aggregation,
edge extraction; inner nuclear layer (5) and
ganglion cell layer (3)
LPC.PN.SG.RT Retinal Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Capture sensory signal from rods and cones and transfer to retinal nucleus layer 7 of cell bodies of rods and cones, which are
layer 9 of retina

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.PN.SG.RT LPC.FD.RT ganglion-nucleus Retinal layers (INNER -> GANGLION)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Target
TSA LPC.PN.SG.RT TARGET.TSA.EYE Eye TARGET.TSA.EYE-eye-edge-output Vision Components (EYE -> RT)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NPE LPC.FD.RT NPE.FD.TH.MPV Medial Pulvinar nucleus-nucleus Retina and superior colliculus targets (Retina -> Pulvinar, abstract)
NSA LPC.FD.RT NSA.FD.LGN Lateral Geniculate Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Geniculate and Extyrageniculate Paths (Retina -> LGN)
Subcortical
LAC LPC.FD.RT LAC.FD.HT.SCN Suprachiasmatic Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Effect of light on pupil diameter (RET -> SCN)
LRC LPC.FD.RT LRC.MM.PT.NOT Nucleus of Optic Tract nucleus-nucleus Targets of retina neurons (Retina -> Pretectum, abstract)
LRC.MM.PT.PON Pretectal Olivary Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Effect of light on pupil diameter (RET -> OPN)
LRC.MM.PT.SL Sublentiform Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Targets of retina neurons (Retina -> Pretectum, abstract)
LRC.MM.SC.SUP Superficial Superior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus Geniculate and Extyrageniculate Paths (Retina -> SC, abstract)

Control Body Extensors

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.SC.VH.VL Ventrolateral Nucleus nucleus LMD Innervation of limb muscles Upper and lower
LPC.SC.VH.VM Ventromedial Nucleus nucleus LMD Innervation of trunk muscles Upper and lower

Internal Region Connections:

  • no connections

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LPC LPC.SC.VH.VL LPC.HT.LVBN Lateral Vestibular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VB -> SCM, abstract)
LRC LPC.SC.VH.VL LRC.HT.PRF.RPO Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (RF -> SCM, abstract)
LPC.SC.VH.VM LRC.HL.RF.MED Central Medullary Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Motor neurons control (MRF -> EGMN, abstract)
LRC.HT.PRF.RPO Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (RF -> SCM, abstract)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LAC LPC.SC.VH.VL LAC.HL.TGS.PE5 Peritrigeminal Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
Target
TEA LPC.SC.VH.VL TARGET.TEA.HAND Hand TARGET.TEA.HAND-abductor-pollicis-longus-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LEG Leg TARGET.TEA.LEG-extensor-digitorum-brevis-muscle (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.VH.VM TARGET.TEA.GENITALIA Genitalia TARGET.TEA.GENITALIA-pubococcygeus-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.HAND Hand TARGET.TEA.HAND-posteriolateral-deltoid-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LEG Leg TARGET.TEA.LEG-gluteus-maximus-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.NECK Neck TARGET.TEA.NECK-neck-obliquus-capitis-inferior-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.RECTUM Rectum TARGET.TEA.RECTUM-coccygeus-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.SPEAKER Mouth speaker TARGET.TEA.SPEAKER-larynx-thyrohyoid-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.TRUNK Trunk TARGET.TEA.TRUNK-semispinalis-capitis-muscle (unknown reference)

Control Body Generic Flexors

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.SC.VH.PL Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus LMD Innervation of limb muscles Upper and lower proximal muscles
LPC.SC.VH.PM Posteromedial Nucleus nucleus LMD Innervation of trunk muscles Upper and lower

Internal Region Connections:

  • no connections

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Cortical
NMA LPC.SC.VH.PL NMA.NC.MC Motor Cortex neocortex-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (CTX -> SCM, abstract)
LPC.SC.VH.PM NMA.NC.MC Motor Cortex neocortex-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (CTX -> SCM, abstract)
Subcortical
LLC LPC.SC.VH.PL LLC.MM.RD Red Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Motor neurons control (RD -> FAMN, abstract)
LPC.SC.VH.PM LLC.MM.RD Red Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Motor neurons control (RD -> FAMN, abstract)
LRC LPC.SC.VH.PL LRC.HL.PRF.GCR Gigantocellular Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Motor neurons control (MRF -> EGMN, abstract)
LPC.SC.VH.PM LRC.HL.PRF.GCR Gigantocellular Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Motor neurons control (MRF -> EGMN, abstract)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Target
TEA LPC.SC.VH.PL TARGET.TEA.HAND Hand TARGET.TEA.HAND-biceps-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LEG Leg TARGET.TEA.LEG-gastrocnemius-muscle (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.VH.PM TARGET.TEA.HAND Hand TARGET.TEA.HAND-anterior-deltoid-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LEG Leg TARGET.TEA.LEG-leg-adductor-brevis-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.TRUNK Trunk TARGET.TEA.TRUNK-trunk-abdominal-external-oblique-muscle (unknown reference)

Control Body Special Flexors

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.SC.VH.ONF Onuf's Nucleus nucleus LAM Maintenance of urination and defecation, muscular contraction during orgasm From Barrington's Nucleus
LPC.SC.VH.RPL Retroposterolateral Nucleus nucleus LMD Innervation of limbs muscles Fingers
LPC.SC.VH.SAN Spinal Accessory Nucleus nucleus LMD Control of neck Rotate head, continuus from AMB

Internal Region Connections:

  • no connections

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Cortical
NMA LPC.SC.VH.ONF NMA.NC.MC Motor Cortex neocortex-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (CTX -> SCM, abstract)
LPC.SC.VH.RPL NMA.NC.MC Motor Cortex neocortex-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (CTX -> SCM, abstract)
Subcortical
LAC LPC.SC.VH.ONF LAC.FD.HT.PV Paraventricular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LAC.HT.BR Barrington's Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Schematic overview of spinobulbospinal micturition reflex pathway (BAR -> ONF)
LPC LPC.SC.VH.SAN LPC.HT.MVBN Medial Vestibular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (VB -> SCM, abstract)
LRC LPC.SC.VH.ONF LRC.HL.RA Retroambigualis Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.VH.SAN LRC.HT.PRF.RPO Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (RF -> SCM, abstract)
LRC.MM.SC.DEEP Deep Superior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Target
TEA LPC.SC.VH.ONF TARGET.TEA.GENITALIA Genitalia TARGET.TEA.GENITALIA-bulbospongiosus-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.RECTUM Rectum TARGET.TEA.RECTUM-corrugator-cutis-ani-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.URETER Ureter TARGET.TEA.URETER-external-urethral-sphincter-female (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.VH.RPL TARGET.TEA.HAND Hand TARGET.TEA.HAND-abductor-digiti-minimi-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LEG Leg TARGET.TEA.LEG-flexor-longus-digitorum-muscle (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.VH.SAN TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-geniohyoid-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.NECK Neck TARGET.TEA.NECK-neck-longus-capitis (unknown reference)

Control Face Muscles

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HL.HYG Hypoglossal Motor Nucleus nucleus LMD Control of tongue
LPC.HT.FCM Facial Motor Nucleus nucleus LMD Control of face Pons
LPC.HT.TRM Trigeminal Motor Nucleus nucleus LMD Muscles of first branchial arch Pontine Nuclei, lower face and jaw control, Motor
Nucleus of V n.

Internal Region Connections:

  • no connections

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LPC LPC.HT.TRM LPC.MM.MSTR Mesencephalic Trigeminal Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HL.HYG LRC.HT.KFN Kolliker-Fuse Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.HT.NSC Nucleus Subceruleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.HT.PRF.CRF Caudal Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Vocal Control (RF -> NucleusXII, abstract)
LPC.HT.FCM LRC.HL.TGS.PA5 Paratrigeminal Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.HT.PRF.CRF Caudal Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Vocal Control (RF -> MotorVII, abstract)
LRC.HT.PRF.PVR Parvocellular Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Vocal Control (RF -> MotorVII, abstract)
LPC.HT.TRM LRC.HT.PRF.CRF Caudal Pontine Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Vocal Control (RF -> MotorV, abstract)
LRC.HT.PRF.PVR Parvocellular Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Vocal Control (RF -> MotorV, abstract)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LPC LPC.HT.FCM LPC.HT.ABD Abducens Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (Facial -> Abducens)
Target
TEA LPC.HL.HYG TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-chondroglossus-muscle (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.FCM TARGET.TEA.FACE Face TARGET.TEA.FACE-depressor-anguli-oris-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-buccinator-muscle (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.TRM TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-digastric-muscle-trigeminal (unknown reference)
TSA LPC.HT.FCM TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-anterior-auricular-muscle (unknown reference)
TARGET.TSA.EYE Eye TARGET.TSA.EYE-eye-muscle-close-conscious-lacrimal (unknown reference)
TARGET.TSA.NOSE Nose TARGET.TSA.NOSE-nose-depressor-septi-nasi (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.TRM TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-tensor-tympani-muscle (unknown reference)

Auditory Sense

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HL.DCOCH Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus nucleus LSC Analyzes quality of sound, picks apart tiny frequency differences between close
sounds
LPC.HL.VCOCH Ventral Cochlear Nucleus nucleus LSC determine direction sound came from, time-sensitive localization
LPC.HT.PN.LL Nuclei of Lateral Lemniscus nucleus LSC Decoding of amplitude modulated sounds Prominent columnar organization, cochlea to IC
LPC.MM.CIC Central Nucleus of Inferior Colliculus nucleus LSC Integrate and relay auditory information to cortex, detection of pitch, spatial
localization by binaural hearing
LPC.MM.SOC Superior Olivary Complex nucleus LSC Bilateral Audition Projections from both left and right ABA.CN
LPC.PN.SG.SP Spiral Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Auditory patterns Fibres from bipolar cells in the spiral ganglion
consist of peripheral branches that end in the
organ of Corti and central branches that end in the
ventral and dorsal cochlear nuclei

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.HL.DCOCH LPC.HT.PN.LL nucleus-nucleus Five Parallel Auditory Pathways (OC -> VNLL, abstract)
LPC.MM.CIC nucleus-nucleus Five Parallel Auditory Pathways (DCN -> ICC, abstract)
LPC.HL.VCOCH LPC.MM.SOC nucleus-nucleus Auditory System in Brain (Cochlea -> Olive, abstract)
LPC.HT.PN.LL LPC.MM.CIC nucleus-nucleus Five Parallel Auditory Pathways (VNLL -> ICC, abstract)
LPC.MM.SOC LPC.HT.PN.LL nucleus-nucleus Five Parallel Auditory Pathways (LSO -> DNLL)
LPC.MM.CIC nucleus-nucleus Auditory System in Brain (Olive -> IC, abstract)
LPC.PN.SG.SP LPC.HL.DCOCH ganglion-nucleus Auditory System in Brain (CochleaGanglion -> Cochlea, abstract)
LPC.HL.VCOCH ganglion-nucleus Auditory System in Brain (CochleaGanglion -> Cochlea, abstract)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Cortical
NSA LPC.MM.CIC NSA.NC.TTG.A1 Primary Auditory Cortex neocortex-nucleus Visual-Auditory Interactions in Tectum (AC -> IC, abstract)
Subcortical
FAM LPC.MM.CIC FAM.FT.AM.LAVM Ventromedial Amygdaloid Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Visual-Auditory Interactions in Tectum (AM -> IC, abstract)
Target
TSA LPC.PN.SG.SP TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-inner-hair-cells Auditory System Model (Ear -> CochleaGanglion)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NSA LPC.HL.DCOCH NSA.FD.TH.MGB Medial Geniculate Body nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.MM.CIC NSA.FD.TH.MGB Medial Geniculate Body nucleus-nucleus Auditory System in Brain (IC -> MGB, abstract)
Subcortical
LRC LPC.HL.VCOCH LRC.MM.CJ Cajal Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.MM.CIC LRC.MM.EIC External Nucleus of Inferior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus Five Parallel Auditory Pathways (ICC -> ICx, abstract)
Target
TSA LPC.MM.SOC TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-outer-hair-cells Five Parallel Auditory Pathways (VNTB -> Cochlea)

Common Body Sensations

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.SC.IZ.CCV Central Cervical Nucleus nucleus LLI Coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills Receive neck and vestibular input and project to CR
and vestibular nuclei
LPC.SC.LH.LCV Lateral Cervical Nucleus nucleus LLI Relay Low-threshold Mechanoreceptors to CR From Lamina V
LPC.SC.PH.NP Proprius Nucleus nucleus LLI Relay light touch, pain and temperature information With Clarke's Nucleus sensing fine touch and
proprioception

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.SC.PH.NP LPC.SC.LH.LCV nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LPC LPC.SC.IZ.CCV LPC.PN.SG.UDRG Upper Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.NP LPC.PN.SG.LDRG Lower Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.UDRG Upper Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.LSG Lower Substantia Gelatinosa nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.USG Upper Substantia Gelatinosa nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NCP LPC.SC.IZ.CCV NCP.FD.TH.RIL Rostral Intralaminar Nuclear Group of Thalamus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
NCP.FD.TH.VPL Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Thalamocortical relationships (s1P -> P, abstract)
LPC.SC.LH.LCV NCP.FD.TH.VPL Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.NP NCP.FD.TH.VPL Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
Subcortical
LLC LPC.SC.IZ.CCV LLC.HL.IO Inferior Olivary Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LLC.HT.CR.PV Cerebellar Paravermis nucleus-allocortex Cerebellum functional divisions (CCV -> CRS)
LPC.SC.PH.NP LLC.HL.IO Inferior Olivary Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Cerebellum functional divisions (SCS -> IO)
LPC LPC.SC.IZ.CCV LPC.HT.IVBN Inferior Vestibular Nuclei nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.SC.IZ.CCV LRC.HT.CR.VM Cerebellar Vermis nucleus-allocortex (unknown reference)

Lower Body Conscious Sensations

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HL.GR Gracile Nucleus nucleus LSM Carry epicritic, kinesthetic, and conscious proprioceptive information from lower
body
LPC.PN.SG.LDRG Lower Dorsal Root Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Integration of afferent signaling from lower thoracic and lumbosacral somatic and
viscera
T7-T12,L1-L5,S1-S5,CX
LPC.SC.PH.LMG Lower Marginal Nucleus nucleus LSM Relay information related to pain and temperature sensation -
T7-T12,L1-L5,S1-S5,CX
LPC.SC.PH.LSG Lower Substantia Gelatinosa nucleus LSM Relay for C-fibers of slowly conducting, poorly localized pain sensation -
T7-T12,L1-L5,S1-S5,CX

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.PN.SG.LDRG LPC.HL.GR ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.LMG ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.LSG ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LMC LPC.SC.PH.LMG LMC.HL.RP.PL Raphe Pallidus Nucleus nucleus-nucleus-5HT (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.LSG LMC.HL.RP.MG Raphe Magnus Nucleus nucleus-nucleus-5HT (unknown reference)
Target
TEA LPC.PN.SG.LDRG TARGET.TEA.GENITALIA Genitalia TARGET.TEA.GENITALIA-utetovaginal-visceral-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LEG Leg TARGET.TEA.LEG-leg-somatic-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LIVER Liver TARGET.TEA.LIVER-visceral-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.RECTUM Rectum TARGET.TEA.RECTUM-large-intestine-visceral-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.STOMACH Stomach TARGET.TEA.STOMACH-stomach-nutrition-sensor (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.TRUNK Trunk TARGET.TEA.TRUNK-trunk-lower-somatic-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.URETER Ureter TARGET.TEA.URETER-ureter-visceral-receptors (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NCP LPC.HL.GR NCP.FD.TH.VPL Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.LMG NCP.FD.TH.LI Limitans Nucleus of Thalamus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
NCP.FD.TH.VPI Ventral Posteroinferior Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
NCP.FD.TH.VPL Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
LPC.SC.PH.LSG NCP.FD.TH.VPI Ventral Posteroinferior Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
NDM LPC.SC.PH.LMG NDM.FD.TH.SM Submedial Nucleus of Thalamus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
Subcortical
LPC LPC.PN.SG.LDRG LPC.SC.IZ.IMM Intermediomedial Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.CL Clarke Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.NP Proprius Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.LSG LPC.SC.PH.NP Proprius Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HL.GR LRC.MM.SC.INT Intermediate Superior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

Upper Body Conscious Sensations

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HL.CU Cuneate Nucleus nucleus LSM Carry fine touch and proprioceptive information from upper body
LPC.PN.SG.UDRG Upper Dorsal Root Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Integration of afferent signaling from cervical and upper thoracic somatic and
viscera
C1-C8, T1-T6
LPC.SC.PH.UMG Upper Marginal Nucleus nucleus LSM Relay information related to pain and temperature sensation - C1-C8,T1-T6
LPC.SC.PH.USG Upper Substantia Gelatinosa nucleus LSM Relay for C-fibers of slowly conducting, poorly localized pain sensation -
C1-C8,T1-T6

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.PN.SG.UDRG LPC.HL.CU ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.UMG ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.USG ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LMC LPC.SC.PH.UMG LMC.HL.RP.PL Raphe Pallidus Nucleus nucleus-nucleus-5HT (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.USG LMC.HL.RP.MG Raphe Magnus Nucleus nucleus-nucleus-5HT (unknown reference)
Target
TEA LPC.PN.SG.UDRG TARGET.TEA.BREAST Breast TARGET.TEA.BREAST-breast-skin-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.FACE Face TARGET.TEA.FACE-face-parotid-skin (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.HAND Hand TARGET.TEA.HAND-hand-somatic-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.HEART Heart TARGET.TEA.HEART-heart-visceral (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LUNG Lung TARGET.TEA.LUNG-pericardium-pleura-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.NECK Neck TARGET.TEA.NECK-neck-low-cutaneous-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.TRUNK Trunk TARGET.TEA.TRUNK-trunk-upper-somatic-receptors (unknown reference)
TSA LPC.PN.SG.UDRG TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-external-skin (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NCP LPC.HL.CU NCP.FD.TH.VPL Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.UMG NCP.FD.TH.LI Limitans Nucleus of Thalamus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
NCP.FD.TH.VPI Ventral Posteroinferior Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
NCP.FD.TH.VPL Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
LPC.SC.PH.USG NCP.FD.TH.VPI Ventral Posteroinferior Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
NDM LPC.SC.PH.UMG NDM.FD.TH.SM Submedial Nucleus of Thalamus nucleus-nucleus Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Thalamus, abstract)
Subcortical
LLC LPC.HL.CU LLC.HT.CR.PV Cerebellar Paravermis nucleus-allocortex (unknown reference)
LPC LPC.PN.SG.UDRG LPC.HL.ACU Accessory Cuneate Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.HL.TGS.STR Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.IZ.CBS Centrobasalis Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.IZ.CCV Central Cervical Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.IZ.IMM Intermediomedial Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.CL Clarke Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.NP Proprius Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.USG LPC.SC.PH.NP Proprius Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HL.CU LRC.MM.SC.INT Intermediate Superior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

Sensory Face

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HL.TGS.STR Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus nucleus LSM Discriminative sensation and light touch of face, conscious proprioception Pontine Nuclei, part of cranial nerve nuclei, ear,
similar to SG of spinal cord
LPC.HT.PN.PTR Principal Trigeminal Nucleus nucleus LSM Facial Somatic Sensations Upper, maxillary, ophthalmic
LPC.MM.MSTR Mesencephalic Trigeminal Nucleus sensory ganglion LSC unconscious proprioception from muscle spindles; facial somatic sensations from
muscles of mastication, monosynaptic masticatory reflex
Lower, mandibular - ganglion; mandible and maxilla
- tooth pulp, surrounding gingiva, periodontal
membrane and a vast portion of the oral mucosa
LPC.PN.SG.TRG Trigeminal Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Integration of external auditory meatus (auricular branch), cranial meninges
(meningeal branch), and external surface of tympanic membrane
sensory fibers of ophthalmic, maxillary, mandibular
nerves to principal trigeminal nucleus

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.HT.PN.PTR LPC.HL.TGS.STR nucleus-nucleus Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (PrincipalTrigeminal -> SpinalTrigeminal)
LPC.MM.MSTR LPC.HL.TGS.STR ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.PN.PTR ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.TRG LPC.HL.TGS.STR ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LPC LPC.HL.TGS.STR LPC.PN.SG.GNG Geniculate Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.JUG Jugular Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.PET Petrosal Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.UDRG Upper Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
Target
TEA LPC.MM.MSTR TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-masticatory-unconscious-muscle-spindles (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.TRG TARGET.TEA.FACE Face TARGET.TEA.FACE-face-skin (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-teeth (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.PROTECTOR Immunity glands and meninges TARGET.TEA.PROTECTOR-lingual-tonsil (unknown reference)
TSA LPC.MM.MSTR TARGET.TSA.EYE Eye TARGET.TSA.EYE-eye-visceral (unknown reference)
TARGET.TSA.NOSE Nose TARGET.TSA.NOSE-nose-proprioceptors (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.TRG TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-acoustic-meatus-skin (unknown reference)
TARGET.TSA.EYE Eye TARGET.TSA.EYE-eye-lacrimal-gland-conjunctiva-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TSA.NOSE Nose TARGET.TSA.NOSE-nose-somatic (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NCP LPC.HT.PN.PTR NCP.FD.TH.VPM Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Trigeminal Nuclei (CSN -> VPM)
Subcortical
LLC LPC.HL.TGS.STR LLC.HT.PRF.RTMG Pontine Reticulotegmental Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (SpinalTrigeminal -> RF, abstract)
LPC LPC.HL.TGS.STR LPC.MM.OCN Oculomotor Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Eye blink reflex and pupillary light reflex (SpinalTrigeminal -> Oculomotor)
LPC.MM.MSTR LPC.HT.TRM Trigeminal Motor Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HL.TGS.STR LRC.HL.PRF.GCR Gigantocellular Reticular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.MM.SC.INT Intermediate Superior Colliculus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

Pain Sensations

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HT.PRF.PB Parabrachial Nucleus nucleus LUS Source of short-latency nociceptive input; sense of physiological condition of
body well-being or interoception
major relay site for visceral afferents ascending
through ventrobasal thalamus and terminating in
insular cortex

Internal Region Connections:

  • no connections

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Cortical
NCP LPC.HT.PRF.PB NCP.NC.AL.SGCG Subgenual Cingulate Cortex neocortex-nucleus Motor neurons control (CTX -> PRF, abstract)
Subcortical
FAM LPC.HT.PRF.PB FAM.FT.IPAC.MED Medial Interstitial Anterior Commissural Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC LPC.HT.PRF.PB LPC.HL.SOL Solitary Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (SOL -> PB)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NCP LPC.HT.PRF.PB NCP.FD.TH.VPI Ventral Posteroinferior Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
NCP.FD.TH.VPM Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Gustatory sensory system of rat and macaque (PB -> VPMpc)
NCP.NC.INS.PIC Posterior Insular Cortex nucleus-neocortex Gustatory sensory system of rat and macaque (PB -> Gud, abstract)
Subcortical
FAM LPC.HT.PRF.PB FAM.FT.AM.CEL Central Amygdaloid Nucleus, lateral subdivision nucleus-nucleus Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (PB -> AM, abstract)
FEC LPC.HT.PRF.PB FEC.FT.ACC.SH Nucleus Accumbens Shell nucleus-nucleus Bowels control brain: gut hormones and obesity (PBN -> NAc, abstract)
FEC.FT.PU.LT Dorsal Putamen Lateral nucleus-nucleus Bowels control brain: gut hormones and obesity (PBN -> DS, abstract)
FEC.FT.PU.MED Dorsal Putamen Medial nucleus-nucleus Bowels control brain: gut hormones and obesity (PBN -> DS, abstract)
LAC LPC.HT.PRF.PB LAC.FD.HT.DM Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Food-entrainable circadian oscillator (PBN -> DMH)
LAC.HL.VGN Vagus Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Physiology and pathophysiology of lower urinary tract (PBN -> DVM)

Smell Senses

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.FT.AOB Accessory Olfactory Bulb nucleus LSM Pheromones sampling
LPC.FT.AON Anterior Olfactory Nucleus nucleus LSM Regulate odor information flow
LPC.FT.MOB Main Olfactory Bulb nucleus LSM Volatile odor patterns generate spatiotemporal neural code, in=glomeruli
-> 1000x1 -> out=mitral
LPC.PN.SG.MOE Main Olfactory Epithelium sensory ganglion LSC Sensing volatile odors
LPC.PN.SG.VNO Vomeronasal Organ sensory ganglion LSC Sensing non-volatile pheromones

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.FT.AON LPC.FT.MOB nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.MOE LPC.FT.AOB ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.FT.MOB ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.VNO LPC.FT.AOB ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LAC LPC.FT.MOB LAC.FD.HT.TBM Tuberomammillary Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
Target
TSA LPC.PN.SG.MOE TARGET.TSA.NOSE Nose TARGET.TSA.NOSE-nose-volatile (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.VNO TARGET.TSA.NOSE Nose TARGET.TSA.NOSE-nose-nonvolatile (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NSA LPC.FT.AON NSA.NC.PH.PIR Piriform Cortex nucleus-neocortex KIV model of cortico-hippocampal formation with subcortical projections for motor actions (AON -> PC)
LPC.FT.MOB NSA.NC.PH.PRP Prepyriform Cortex nucleus-neocortex (unknown reference)
Subcortical
FAM LPC.FT.AOB FAM.FT.AM.COP Posterior Cortical Amygdaloid Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
FAM.FT.AM.MEA Medial Anterior Amygdaloid Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.FT.MOB FAM.FT.AM.COA Anterior Cortical Amygdaloid Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

Taste Senses

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HL.SOL Solitary Nucleus nucleus LSM Carry taste buds, thoracic and abdominal viscera c.n. VII, IX, X
LPC.PN.SG.GNG Geniculate Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Trophic support for survival Innervation taste buds, ear skin
LPC.PN.SG.JUG Jugular Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Integration of external auditory meatus (auricular branch), cranial meninges
(meningeal branch), and external surface of tympanic membrane
to Sensory Trigeminal Nucleus
LPC.PN.SG.NOD Nodose Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Integration of afferent signaling from viscera caudal SOL - larynx, trachea, gut, and aortic arch
receptors; rostral SOL - taste receptors of
posterior oral cavity
LPC.PN.SG.PET Petrosal Ganglion sensory ganglion LSC Integration of afferent signaling from viscera mucous membranes of pharynx, middle ear, carotid
body and sinus, taste sensor on the posterior third
of tongue to SOL

Internal Region Connections:

Source Region Target Region Type Reference
LPC.PN.SG.GNG LPC.HL.SOL ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.JUG LPC.HL.SOL ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.NOD LPC.HL.SOL ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.PET LPC.HL.SOL ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
FAM LPC.HL.SOL FAM.FT.AM.CEL Central Amygdaloid Nucleus, lateral subdivision nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
FAM.FT.IPAC.MED Medial Interstitial Anterior Commissural Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LAC LPC.HL.SOL LAC.FD.HT.VM Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Bowels control brain: gut hormones and obesity (VMN -> NTS)
Target
TEA LPC.PN.SG.GNG TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-soft-palate-sparse-taste-receptors (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.JUG TARGET.TEA.LUNG Lung TARGET.TEA.LUNG-pulmonary-stretch-receptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.PROTECTOR Immunity glands and meninges TARGET.TEA.PROTECTOR-cranial-meninges (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.SPEAKER Mouth speaker TARGET.TEA.SPEAKER-palatine-tonsil-receptors (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.NOD TARGET.TEA.FEEDER Mouth feeder TARGET.TEA.FEEDER-epiglottis-taste-buds (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.HEART Heart TARGET.TEA.HEART-heart-aorta-baroreceptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LIVER Liver TARGET.TEA.LIVER-glucose-and-osmoreceptors (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.LUNG Lung TARGET.TEA.LUNG-pulmonary-neuroepithelial-bodies (unknown reference)
TARGET.TEA.STOMACH Stomach TARGET.TEA.STOMACH-colon (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.PET TARGET.TEA.HEART Heart TARGET.TEA.HEART-heart-carotid-baroreceptors (unknown reference)
TSA LPC.PN.SG.GNG TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-somatic (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.JUG TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-visceral (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.NOD TARGET.TSA.NOSE Nose TARGET.TSA.NOSE-nose-visceral-vagus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.PET TARGET.TSA.EAR Ear TARGET.TSA.EAR-ear-timpanic-cavity (unknown reference)
TARGET.TSA.NOSE Nose TARGET.TSA.NOSE-nose-visceral-pharynx (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Cortical
NCP LPC.HL.SOL NCP.FD.TH.VPL Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (SOL -> TH, abstract)
NCP.FD.TH.VPM Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Thalamocortical relationships (sVPM -> VPM)
Subcortical
FEC LPC.HL.SOL FEC.FT.ACC.SH Nucleus Accumbens Shell nucleus-nucleus Bowels control brain: gut hormones and obesity (NTS -> NAc, abstract)
LAC LPC.HL.SOL LAC.FD.HT.DM Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Food-entrainable circadian oscillator (NTS -> DMH)
LAC.FD.HT.LTN Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Schematic of hypothalamic circuitry underlying satiety (NTS -> LHA)
LAC.FD.HT.PV Paraventricular Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LAC.FD.HT.SO Supraoptic Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LMC LPC.HL.SOL LMC.MM.VTA Ventral Tegmental Area nucleus-nucleus Bowels control brain: gut hormones and obesity (NTS -> VTA)
LPC LPC.HL.SOL LPC.HL.AMB Ambiguus Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.HT.PRF.PB Parabrachial Nucleus nucleus-nucleus Amygdalar disruption of prefrontal cortex (SOL -> PB)
LPC.PN.SG.GNG LPC.HL.TGS.STR Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.JUG LPC.HL.TGS.STR Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.PET LPC.HL.TGS.STR Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.HL.SOL LRC.HL.RA Retroambigualis Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC.HT.KFN Kolliker-Fuse Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

Unconscious Cerebellar Sensations

unavailable

Component ID Component Name Type Service Function Comments
LPC.HL.ACU Accessory Cuneate Nucleus nucleus LSM receives input from cervical spinal nerves and transmits that information to
cerebellum
upper extremity equivalent of Clarke's column
LPC.SC.IZ.CBS Centrobasalis Nucleus nucleus LLI Unconscious proprioception to CR Upper extremity, relay motor feedback to CR, major
site of termination for dorsal root fibers
LPC.SC.IZ.IMM Intermediomedial Nucleus nucleus LLI Visceral sensory ventral spinocerebellar tract; to vermis
LPC.SC.PH.CL Clarke Nucleus nucleus LLI Unconscious Proprioception To CR

Internal Region Connections:

  • no connections

External Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Local Region Source Region Source Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LMC LPC.SC.IZ.IMM LMC.HL.RP.OB Raphe Obscurus Nucleus nucleus-nucleus-5HT (unknown reference)
LPC LPC.HL.ACU LPC.PN.SG.UDRG Upper Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.IZ.CBS LPC.PN.SG.UDRG Upper Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.IZ.IMM LPC.PN.SG.LDRG Lower Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.UDRG Upper Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.CL LPC.PN.SG.LDRG Lower Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)
LPC.PN.SG.UDRG Upper Dorsal Root Ganglion ganglion-nucleus (unknown reference)

External Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Local Region Target Region Target Name Type Reference
Subcortical
LLC LPC.HL.ACU LLC.HT.CR.PV Cerebellar Paravermis nucleus-allocortex (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.IZ.CBS LLC.HT.CR.PV Cerebellar Paravermis nucleus-allocortex (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.IZ.IMM LLC.HL.RF.PLRN Lateral Reticular Nucleus, Parvocellular nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LLC.HT.CR.PV Cerebellar Paravermis nucleus-allocortex (unknown reference)
LPC.SC.PH.CL LLC.HL.ARC Arcuate Nucleus of Medulla nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LLC.HT.CR.PV Cerebellar Paravermis nucleus-allocortex Afferent pain pathways (SC -> Cerebellum, abstract)
LLC.HT.PN.PBB Pontobulbar Body nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)
LRC LPC.SC.PH.CL LRC.MM.CNF Cuneiform Nucleus nucleus-nucleus (unknown reference)

Thirdparty Circuits

(generated)

Abducens=Abducens Nucleus,LPC.HT.ABD
Ciliary=Ciliary Ganglion,LAC.PN.PSYM.CLG
EWN=Edinger-Westphal Nucleus,LAC.MM.EWN
EYE=Eye,TARGET.TSA.EYE
Facial=Facial Motor Nucleus,LPC.HT.FCM
Oculomotor=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
Pretectum=Pretectum,MM.PT (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
PrincipalTrigeminal=Principal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HT.PN.PTR
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
SpinalTrigeminal=Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HL.TGS.STR
SupraOculomotor=Supraoculomotor Area,VBA.MM.SOA (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
VAC=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)

AC=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
Cochlea=Ear,TARGET.TSA.EAR
CochleaGanglion=Spiral Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.SP
DCN=Cochlear Nucleus,LPC.HL.COCH (see Myelencephalic Sensory Nuclei)
DNLL=Nuclei of Lateral Lemniscus,LPC.HT.PN.LL
GBC=Cochlear Nucleus,LPC.HL.COCH (see Myelencephalic Sensory Nuclei)
ICC=Inferior Colliculus,ABA.MM.IC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
ICx=Inferior Colliculus,ABA.MM.IC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
LS=Hippocampal Formation,FMM.FT.HF
LSO=Superior Olivary Complex,LPC.MM.SOC
MC=Cochlear Nucleus,LPC.HL.COCH (see Myelencephalic Sensory Nuclei)
MGB=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
MSO=Superior Olivary Complex,LPC.MM.SOC
OC=Cochlear Nucleus,LPC.HL.COCH (see Myelencephalic Sensory Nuclei)
SBC=Cochlear Nucleus,LPC.HL.COCH (see Myelencephalic Sensory Nuclei)
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
VNLL=Nuclei of Lateral Lemniscus,LPC.HT.PN.LL
VNTB=Superior Olivary Complex,ABA.MM.SOC.TZ

A1=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
Broca=Broca's Area,NPE.NC.PFC.BRA (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
M2=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
MotorV=Trigeminal Motor Nucleus,LPC.HT.TRM
MotorVII=Facial Motor Nucleus,LPC.HT.FCM
NucleusAmbiguus=Ambiguus Nucleus,LPC.HL.AMB
NucleusXII=Hypoglossal Motor Nucleus,LPC.HL.HYG
Premotor24=Ventral Anterior Cingulate Area,NDM.NC.AL.VACG
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Wernike=Wernicke's area A4,NSA.NC.STG.A4

Abducens=Abducens Nucleus,LPC.HT.ABD
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OCC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC
Oculomotor=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
Trochlear=Trochlear Nucleus,LPC.MM.TRH

CCV=Central Cervical Nucleus,LPC.SC.IZ.CCV
CRP=Cerebellar Lateral Lobe,LLC.HT.CR.CC
CRS=Cerebellar Paravermis,LLC.HT.CR.PV
CRV=Cerebellar Vermis,LRC.HT.CR.VM
CTX=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
DN=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
FG=Fastigual Nucleus,LRC.HT.CR.FG
IO=Inferior Olivary Nucleus,LLC.HL.IO
IP=Interposed Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.IP (see Cerebellar Complex)
LT=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
PNN=Basilar Pontine Nuclei,LLC.HT.BPN
RD=Red Nucleus,LLC.MM.RD
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
SCM=Anterior/Ventral Horn,SC.VH
SCS=Proprius Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.NP
SCSD=Clarke Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.CL
VB=Vestibular Nuclei,LPC.HT.VBN
VBG=Vestibular Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.VB
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL

ABD=Abducens Nucleus,LPC.HT.ABD
EYE=Eye,TARGET.TSA.EYE
OCN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
TRC=Trochlear Nucleus,LPC.MM.TRH

Abducens=Abducens Nucleus,LPC.HT.ABD
FEF=Frontal Eye Field,NMA.NC.PMC.FEF (see Premotor Cortex)
Oculomotor=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
PPRF=Paramedian Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.PRF.PPRF (see Pontine Reticular Formation)
VestibularGanglion=Vestibular Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.VB
VestibularNuclei=Inferior Vestibular Nuclei,LPC.HT.IVBN

CG=Ciliary Ganglion,LAC.PN.PSYM.CLG
EWN=Edinger-Westphal Nucleus,LAC.MM.EWN
EYE=Eye,TARGET.TSA.EYE
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OCN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
RT=Retinal Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.RT
SOA=Supraoculomotor Area,VBA.MM.SOA (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
STN=Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HL.TGS.STR
VAC=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)
VC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

A=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
CM=Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus,FEC.FD.TH.CM
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LP=Lateral Posterior Nucleus of Thalamus,NPE.FD.TH.LP
MD=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MGN=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
P=Ventral Posterior Nuclei,NSA.FD.TH.VP (see Sensory Thalamus)
VA=Ventral Anterior Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VA
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL
VPL=Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPL
VPM=Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPM
pA=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
pCM=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
pLD=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
pLGN=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
pLP=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
pMD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
pMGN=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
pP=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
pVA=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
pVL=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
pVPL=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
pVPM=Precentral Cortex,NCP.NC.PO.PCC
s1A=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
s1MD=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
s1P=Central Cervical Nucleus,LPC.SC.IZ.CCV
s1VL=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
s2A=Mammillary Body,FD.MB (see Hypothalamus)
s2MD=Piriform Cortex,NSA.NC.PH.PIR
s2P=Principal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HT.PN.PTR
s2VL=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
s3MD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
sCM=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
sLD=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
sLP=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
sVA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
sVPL=Marginal Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.MG (see Posterior/Dorsal Horn)
sVPM=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL

A1=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
Cochlea=Cochlear Nucleus,LPC.HL.COCH (see Myelencephalic Sensory Nuclei)
CochleaGanglion=Spiral Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.SP
Ear=Ear,TARGET.TSA.EAR
IC=Inferior Colliculus,ABA.MM.IC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
MGB=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
Olive=Superior Olivary Complex,LPC.MM.SOC

A1=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
Cochlea=Cochlear Nucleus,LPC.HL.COCH (see Myelencephalic Sensory Nuclei)
CochleaGanglion=Spiral Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.SP
Ear=Ear,TARGET.TSA.EAR
IC=Inferior Colliculus,ABA.MM.IC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
MGB=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
Olive=Superior Olivary Complex,LPC.MM.SOC

CN=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
DVM=Vagus Nucleus,LAC.HL.VGN
IMG=Inferior Mesenteric Ganglion,LAC.PN.SYM.IMG
IML=Intermediolateral Nucleus,LAC.SC.IZ.IML
LC=Locus Coeruleus,LMC.HT.LC
MPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
MPOA=Median Preoptic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.MPO
NBM=Basal Nucleus of Meynert,LMC.FT.NBM
ONF=Onuf's Nucleus,LPC.SC.VH.ONF
PBN=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PEL=Pelvic Peripheral Ganglion,LAC.PN.PSYM.PPG
PU=Dorsal Putamen Lateral,FEC.FT.PU.LT
PVN=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
SNC=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SPS=Sacral Parasympathetic Nucleus,LAC.SC.IZ.SPS
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA
ZI=Subthalamic Nucleus Caudal,BGA.FD.STN.ZI

CSN=Principal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HT.PN.PTR
EYE=Eye,TARGET.TSA.EYE
STR=Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HL.TGS.STR
VPM=Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPM

EnP=Endopiriform Nucleus,FAM.FT.EPF
Gud=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
Gug=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
HF=Hippocampal Formation,FMM.FT.HF
IadIap=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
Iav=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
NST=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
PB=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PiR=Piriform Cortex,NSA.NC.PH.PIR
PrC=Perirhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.PER
VPMpc=Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPM

DMH=Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.DM
LH=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
NTS=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
PBN=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PVH=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
SCN=Suprachiasmatic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.SCN

AMY=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
ARC=Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus,LAC.FD.HT.AR
DS=Dorsal Striatum,FEC.FT.DST (see Basal Ganglia)
LHA=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
ME=Endocrine Glands,TARGET.TEA.ENDOCRINE
NAc=Accumbens Nucleus,FEC.FT.ACC (see Basal Ganglia)
NTS=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
OFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
PBN=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PVN=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
VMN=Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VM
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA

ACG=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
AM=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
HT.L=Lateral Hypothalamic Area,LAC.FD.HT.LT (see Hypothalamus)
HT.PV=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
INS=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
LC=Locus Coeruleus,LMC.HT.LC
MPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
PB=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PUT=Endocrine Glands,TARGET.TEA.ENDOCRINE
SOL=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
TH=Thalamus,FD.TH

GANGLION=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
INNER=Retinal Ganglion,LPC.PN.SG.RT
RODSCONES=Eye,TARGET.TSA.EYE

ATH=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
BGA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OPN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
ParietalCortex=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
SpinalCord=Lamina IX,SC.VH.L9 (see Anterior/Ventral Horn)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

BAR=Barrington's Nucleus,LAC.HT.BR
IMG=Inferior Mesenteric Ganglion,LAC.PN.SYM.IMG
IML=Intermediolateral Nucleus,LAC.SC.IZ.IML
ONF=Onuf's Nucleus,LPC.SC.VH.ONF
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
PEL=Pelvic Peripheral Ganglion,LAC.PN.PSYM.PPG
SPS=Sacral Parasympathetic Nucleus,LAC.SC.IZ.SPS

AC=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
AM=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
CN=Cochlear Nucleus,LPC.HL.COCH (see Myelencephalic Sensory Nuclei)
IC=Inferior Colliculus,ABA.MM.IC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
MGB=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
OC=Superior Olivary Complex,LPC.MM.SOC
PM=Premotor Cortex,NC.PMC
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)

Bechterew=Pontine Reticulotegmental Nucleus,LLC.HT.PRF.RTMG
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
FEFSEF=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
PPRF=Paramedian Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.PRF.PPRF (see Pontine Reticular Formation)
PrimaryVisual=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
RIP=Raphe Interpositus Nucleus,LRC.MM.RP.RIP
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
Vestibular=Superior Vestibular Nucleus,LPC.HT.SVBN
VisualAssociation=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG

ACC=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
AMY=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
BG=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
Cerebellum=Cerebellar Complex,LLC.HT.CRC
Insula=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
PB=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PFC=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
S1=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
S2=Secondary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S2
SC=Posterior/Dorsal Horn,BMA.SC.PH
Thalamus=Sensory Thalamus,FD.TH.SR

AD=Anterodorsal Nucleus,FMM.FD.TH.AD
DTN=Laterodorsal Tegmental Nucleus,LMC.HT.TG.DTG
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
IPD=Interpeduncular Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.IPD
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
LHAB=Habenula,FAM.FD.HB
LMB=Lateral Mammillary Nucleus,FMM.FD.MB.LMB
MVSN=Medial Vestibular Nucleus,LPC.HT.MVBN
NPRP=Prepositus Nucleus,LRC.HL.NPH
PC=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
PRHC=Postrhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.POR
PSUB=Postsubiculum,FMM.NC.PH.POS
RSP=Retrosplenial Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.RSC
SUPGEN=Suprageniculate Nucleus of Thalamus,NSA.FD.TH.SG
VC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

CN=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
DLPN=Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus,LRC.HT.PRF.RPO
Extrastriate=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
FEF=Frontal Eye Field,NMA.NC.PMC.FEF (see Premotor Cortex)
PPC=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)
PPRF=Paramedian Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.PRF.PPRF (see Pontine Reticular Formation)
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SN=Substantia Nigra,FEC.FT.SN (see Basal Ganglia)
Striate=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
TEF=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
VGC=Cajal Nucleus,LRC.MM.CJ
Vestibular=Lateral Vestibular Nucleus,LPC.HT.LVBN

ARC=Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus,LAC.FD.HT.AR
DMH=Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.DM
LHA=Lateral Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.LTN
NTS=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
PVN=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
VMH=Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VM

AON=Anterior Olfactory Nucleus,LPC.FT.AON
CA1=Ventrolateral Cornu Ammonis of Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC.CA1 (see Hippocampal Formation)
CA2=Dorsolateral Cornu Ammonis of Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC.CA2
CA3=Dorsomedial Cornu Ammonis of Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC.CA3 (see Hippocampal Formation)
DG=Dentate Gyrus,FMM.FT.HC.DG
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
PC=Piriform Cortex,NSA.NC.PH.PIR

FEF=Frontal Eye Field,NMA.NC.PMC.FEF (see Premotor Cortex)
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OCC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC
Prestriate=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)

unavailable

IPL=Inferior Parietal Lobule,NC.IPL
IT=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
MST=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SPL=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
V5=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
V6=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO

BG=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
CN=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
GPe=Globus Pallidus External,FEC.FT.GPE (see Basal Ganglia)
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNpr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
STN=Subthalamic Nucleus,FEC.FD.STN (see Subthalamus Area)
Thalamus=Thalamus,FD.TH
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

HT=Hypothalamus,FD.HT
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
Pretectum=Pretectum,MM.PT (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)

DMH=Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.DM
EW=Edinger-Westphal Nucleus,LAC.MM.EWN
EYE=Eye,TARGET.TSA.EYE
GC=Ciliary Ganglion,LAC.PN.PSYM.CLG
IML=Ciliospinal Center,LAC.SC.IZ.CSC
LC=Locus Coeruleus,LMC.HT.LC
OPN=Pretectal Olivary Nucleus,LRC.MM.PT.PON
PVN=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
RET=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCG=Superior Cervical Ganglion,LAC.PN.SYM.SCG
SCN=Suprachiasmatic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.SCN

7a=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
MST=Medial Superior Temporal Area,NPE.NC.IPL.MST
MT=Middle Temporal Area,NSA.NC.OCC.MT
PO=Parietooccipital Area,NSA.NC.OCC.PO
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
TE=Inferotemporal Cortex,NSA.NC.IT.TE
TEO=Preoccipital Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT.TEO
V1=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
V2=Secondary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V2 (see Occipital Lobe)
V3=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
V4=Fusiform Gyrus,NSA.NC.OCC.V4 (see Occipital Lobe)
VIP=Ventral Intraparietal Sulcus,NSA.NC.IPS.VIP

LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
PPN=Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nuclei,LMC.HT.TG.PPN
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
VC=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT

Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT

Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT


References

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