BrainRegionLRC MM SC SUP

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Superficial Superior Colliculus

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This page covers biological details of component Superficial Superior Colliculus. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Midbrain Mesencephalon -> Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon (MM.REF) -> Visual Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon (MM.REF.VIS) -> Superior Colliculus (MM.SC) -> Superficial Superior Colliculus (LRC.MM.SC.SUP) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: nucleus
  • Brain area: Lower Brain - Motor Reflex Area
  • Role: processor.automatic
  • Function: Head and eye attention to visual stimuli
  • Notes to function: Receive input primarily from the visual system and show primarily visual responses




Component items:

  • Stratum Zonale, Lamina I (VBA.MM.SC.SZ)
  • Stratum Griseum Supeficiale, Lamina II (VBA.MM.SC.SGZ)
  • Stratum Opticum, Lamina III (VBA.MM.SC.SO)



Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
LPC LPC.FD.RT Retinal Nucleus excitatory-glu Geniculate and Extyrageniculate Paths (Retina -> SC, abstract)
LRC LRC.MM.PT.NOT Nucleus of Optic Tract excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
NPE NPE.NC.IPL.MST Medial Superior Temporal Area excitatory-glu Global visual system (ParietalCortex -> SCi, abstract)
NPE.NC.IPS.LIP Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus excitatory-glu Summary of eye movement control (PEF -> SC, abstract)
NSA NSA.NC.OCC.V1 Primary Visual Cortex excitatory-glu Global visual system (VisualCortex -> SCs, abstract)
NSA.NC.OCC.V2TN Secondary Visual Cortex, Thin Stripe excitatory-glu Global visual system (VisualCortex -> SCs, abstract)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
LRC LRC.MM.RP.RIP Raphe Interpositus Nucleus excitatory-glu Horizontal saccades and smooth pursuit movements (SC -> RIP, abstract)
LRC.MM.SC.INT Intermediate Superior Colliculus excitatory-glu Global visual system (SCs -> SCi, abstract)
NPE NPE.FD.TH.LP Lateral Posterior Nucleus of Thalamus excitatory-glu Thalamocortical relationships (sLP -> LP, abstract)
NSA NSA.FD.LGN Lateral Geniculate Nucleus excitatory-glu Global visual system (SCs -> LGN, abstract)
NSA.FD.TH.IPV Inferior Pulvinar excitatory-glu Global visual system (SCs -> Pulvinar, abstract)
NSA.FD.TH.LPV Lateral Pulvinar excitatory-glu Global visual system (SCs -> Pulvinar, abstract)

Thirdparty Circuits


Bechterew=Pontine Reticulotegmental Nucleus,LLC.HT.PRF.RTMG
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
LGB=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
PPRF=Paramedian Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.PRF.PPRF (see Pontine Reticular Formation)
PrimaryVisual=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
RIP=Raphe Interpositus Nucleus,LRC.MM.RP.RIP
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
Vestibular=Superior Vestibular Nucleus,LPC.HT.SVBN
VisualAssociation=Caudal Precuneus,NPE.NC.SPL.PG

ATH=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
BGA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
OPN=Oculomotor Nucleus,LPC.MM.OCN
ParietalCortex=Parietal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PAR
Pulvinar=Pulvinar,FD.PV (see Sensory Thalamus)
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
SNr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
SpinalCord=Lamina IX,SC.VH.L9 (see Anterior/Ventral Horn)
Striatum=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

A=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
CM=Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus,FEC.FD.TH.CM
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LP=Lateral Posterior Nucleus of Thalamus,NPE.FD.TH.LP
MD=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MGN=Medial Geniculate Body,NSA.FD.TH.MGB
P=Ventral Posterior Nuclei,NSA.FD.TH.VP (see Sensory Thalamus)
VA=Ventral Anterior Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VA
VL=Ventral Lateral Nucleus,NMA.FD.TH.VL
VPL=Ventral Posterolateral Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPL
VPM=Ventral Posteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.VPM
pA=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
pCM=Dorsal Putamen,FEC.FT.DPU (see Basal Ganglia)
pLD=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
pLGN=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
pLP=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
pMD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
pMGN=Primary Auditory Cortex,NSA.NC.TTG.A1
pP=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
pVA=Supplementary Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.SMC
pVL=Motor Cortex,NMA.NC.MC
pVPL=Primary Somatosensory Cortex,NCP.NC.PG.S1
pVPM=Precentral Cortex,NCP.NC.PO.PCC
s1A=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
s1MD=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
s1P=Central Cervical Nucleus,LPC.SC.IZ.CCV
s1VL=Dentate Nucleus,LLC.HT.CR.DN
s2A=Mammillary Body,FD.MB (see Hypothalamus)
s2MD=Piriform Cortex,NSA.NC.PH.PIR
s2P=Principal Trigeminal Nucleus,LPC.HT.PN.PTR
s2VL=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
s3MD=Prefrontal Cortex,NC.AL.PFC
sCM=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
sLD=Superior Parietal Lobule,NC.SPL
sLP=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
sVA=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
sVPL=Marginal Nucleus,LPC.SC.PH.MG (see Posterior/Dorsal Horn)
sVPM=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL