BrainRegionFEC FT CN TL

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Caudate Nucleus Tail

@@Home -> BiologicalLifeResearch -> BrainAreaFEC -> BrainRegionFEC_FT_CN_TL

This page covers biological details of component Caudate Nucleus Tail. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Forebrain Telencephalon -> Basal Ganglia (FEC.FT.BG) -> Striatum (FEC.FT.ST) -> Dorsal Striatum (FEC.FT.DST) -> Caudate Nucleus (FEC.FT.CN) -> Caudate Nucleus Tail (FEC.FT.CN.TL) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: nucleus
  • Quality: L0
  • Brain area: Forebrain - Execution Control Area (FEC)
  • Area circuit: Motor Motivational Salience (FECLM)
  • Role: basal.ganglia.striatum
  • Function: Successful classification learning, correct categorization
  • Notes to function:
    • ITC, STC




  • no child items defined



Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Role Reference
FAM FAM.FT.AM.AB Accessory Basal Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu uncertain (unknown reference)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.ROFCR Most Rostral Orbitofrontal Cortex excitatory-glu uncertain Global visual system (FrontalCortex -> BGA, abstract)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Role Reference
FEC FEC.FT.GPI.RM Globus Pallidus Internal Rostromedial inhibitory-gaba uncertain Habenula Connections (CPu -> GPi, abstract)
FEC.FT.SNR.MED Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Medial inhibitory-gaba uncertain Saccades and smooth movements (CN -> SN, abstract)

Thirdparty Circuits


CN=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
DLPN=Oral Pontine Reticular Nucleus,LRC.HT.PRF.RPO
Extrastriate=Associative Visual Cortex,NPE.NC.OCC.V3 (see Occipital Lobe)
FEF=Frontal Eye Field,NMA.NC.PMC.FEF (see Premotor Cortex)
PPC=Posterior Eye Field,NPE.NC.IPS.PEF (see Intraparietal Sulcus)
PPRF=Paramedian Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.PRF.PPRF (see Pontine Reticular Formation)
SC=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SN=Substantia Nigra,FEC.FT.SN (see Basal Ganglia)
Striate=Primary Visual Cortex,NSA.NC.OCC.V1
TEF=Inferotemporal Area,NSA.NC.IT
VGC=Cajal Nucleus,LRC.MM.CJ
Vestibular=Lateral Vestibular Nucleus,LPC.HT.LVBN

CPu=Striatum,FEC.FT.ST (see Basal Ganglia)
DBB=Diagonal Band of Broca,FAM.FT.SEP.DBB
DR=Dorsal Raphe Nucleus,LMC.MM.RP.DRN
GPi=Globus Pallidus Internal,FEC.FT.GPI (see Basal Ganglia)
IP=Interpeduncular Nucleus,FEC.HT.TG.IPD
LH=Lateral Hypothalamic Area,LAC.FD.HT.LT (see Hypothalamus)
LHb=Lateral Habenula,FAM.FD.LHB (see Habenula)
LPO=Ventrolateral Preoptic Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.VLPO
MHb=Medial Habenula,FAM.FD.MHB
MR=Superior Central Raphe Nucleus,LMC.MM.RP.SUC
S=Septal Nuclei,FAM.FT.SEP
SNc=Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Lateral,FEC.FT.SNC.LT
VTA=Ventral Tegmental Area,LMC.MM.VTA