BrainRegionNDM FD TH PV

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Paraventricular Nucleus of Thalamus

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This page covers biological details of component Paraventricular Nucleus of Thalamus. Region is part of aHuman target integrated biological model.

  • Top-down path to region: Forebrain Diencephalon -> Thalamus (FD.TH) -> Cognitive Thalamus (FD.TH.CR) -> Intralaminar and Midline Nuclei of Thalamus (FD.TH.IML) -> Midline Nuclear Group of Thalamus (FD.TH.MTH) -> Dorsal Midline Nuclear Group of Thalamus (FD.TH.MDT) -> Paraventricular Nucleus of Thalamus (NDM.FD.TH.PV) (see Mind Maps)
  • Type: nucleus
  • Brain area: Neocortical Brain - Decision Making Area
  • Role: processor.affective
  • Function: Direct behavior toward a particular outcome over a range of outcomes
  • Notes to function: Projects like PT, but more to BNST, AM

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Components

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  • no child items defined

Connectivity

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NDM.FD.TH.PV.dot.png

Inbound Region Connections:

Source Area Source Region Source Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FT.AM.LAVM Ventromedial Amygdaloid Nucleus excitatory-glu Oculomotor decision-making (AMYG -> Thalamus, abstract)
FAM.FT.SEP.LT Lateral Septal Nucleus inhibitory-gaba (unknown reference)
LMC LMC.MM.PAG Periaqueductal Gray Matter modulatory-enk (unknown reference)
LMC.MM.RP.DRN Dorsal Raphe Nucleus modulatory-5ht (unknown reference)

Outbound Region Connections:

Target Area Target Region Target Name Type Reference
FAM FAM.FT.BNST Bed Nucleus of Stria Terminalis excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
FEC FEC.FT.ACC.CORE Nucleus Accumbens Core excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
FMM FMM.NC.PH.LEC Lateral Entorhinal Cortex excitatory-glu Contributions of Diencephalon to Recognition Memory (MID -> EC, abstract)
FMM.NC.PH.PER Perirhinal Cortex excitatory-glu Contributions of Diencephalon to Recognition Memory (MID -> Perirhinal, abstract)
LAC LAC.FD.HT.MPO Median Preoptic Nucleus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
LAC.FD.HT.SCN Suprachiasmatic Nucleus excitatory-glu (unknown reference)
NDM NDM.NC.AL.ROFCS Sulcal Rostral Orbitofrontal Cortex excitatory-glu Saccadic Vision (Thalamus -> FrontalCortex, abstract)
NDM.NC.AL.VMPFC Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex excitatory-glu Saccadic Vision (Thalamus -> FrontalCortex, abstract)

Thirdparty Circuits

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AD=Anterodorsal Nucleus,FMM.FD.TH.AD
AM=Anteromedial Nucleus,NCP.FD.TH.AM
AN=Anterior Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.AN (see Cognitive Thalamus)
AV=Anteroventral Nucleus,FMM.FD.TH.AV
CM=Centromedian Nucleus of Thalamus,FEC.FD.TH.CM
DLPFC=Mid-Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex,NDM.NC.AL.DLPFC (see Lateral Prefrontal Cortex)
EC=Entorhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.ET (see Rhinal Cortex)
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
LD=Lateral Dorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FMM.FD.TH.LD
MB=Medial Mammillary Nucleus,FMM.FD.MB.MMB
MDmc=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MID=Midline Nuclear Group of Thalamus,FD.TH.MTH (see Cognitive Thalamus)
MPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
OFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
Parasub=Parasubiculum,FMM.NC.PH.PAS
Perirhinal=Perirhinal Cortex,FMM.NC.PH.PER
PostCingulate=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
Presub=Presubiculum,FMM.NC.PH.PRS
Sub=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
SubPrePara=Subiculum,FMM.FT.HF.SUB (see Hippocampal Formation)
mPULV=Medial Pulvinar,NPE.FD.TH.MPV

BG=Basal Ganglia,FEC.FT.BG
CN=Caudate Nucleus,FEC.FT.CN (see Basal Ganglia)
CR=Cerebellum,LLC.HT.CR (see Cerebellar Complex)
FrontalCortex=Anterior Lobe,NC.LOBE.ANT
GPe=Globus Pallidus External,FEC.FT.GPE (see Basal Ganglia)
LGN=Lateral Geniculate Nucleus,NSA.FD.LGN
LIP=Lateral Intraparietal Sulcus,NPE.NC.IPS.LIP
RF=Pontine Reticular Formation,HT.RF
Retina=Retinal Nucleus,LPC.FD.RT
SCi=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SCs=Superior Colliculus,MM.SC (see Reflexes Nuclei of Midbrain Mesencephalon)
SNpr=Substantia Nigra Pars Reticulata Dorsolateral,FEC.FT.SNR.DL
STN=Subthalamic Nucleus,FEC.FD.STN (see Subthalamus Area)
Thalamus=Thalamus,FD.TH
VisualCortex=Occipital Lobe,NC.LOBE.OCC

ACG=Anterior Cingulate Cortex,NC.AL.ACG (see Anterior Cingulate Area)
AM=Amygdala,FAM.FT.AM
HC=Hippocampus,FMM.FT.HC (see Hippocampal Formation)
HT.L=Lateral Hypothalamic Area,LAC.FD.HT.LT (see Hypothalamus)
HT.PV=Paraventricular Nucleus,LAC.FD.HT.PV
INS=Insular Cortex,NC.INS
LC=Locus Coeruleus,LMC.HT.LC
MPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
PAG=Periaqueductal Gray Matter,LMC.MM.PAG
PB=Parabrachial Nucleus,LPC.HT.PRF.PB
PUT=Endocrine Glands,TARGET.TEA.ENDOCRINE
SOL=Solitary Nucleus,LPC.HL.SOL
TH=Thalamus,FD.TH

PT=Paratenial Nucleus of Thalamus,FAM.FD.TH.PT
PVT=Paraventricular Nucleus of Thalamus,NDM.FD.TH.PV

BNST=Bed Nucleus of Stria Terminalis,FAM.FT.BNST
MPFC=Orbitofrontal Cortex,NC.AL.OPFC (see Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex)
NACC=Accumbens Nucleus,FEC.FT.ACC (see Basal Ganglia)
PCG=Posterior Cingulate Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.PSCG
PH=Parahippocampal Lobe,NC.LOBE.PH
RSP=Retrosplenial Cortex,NCP.NC.MPL.RSC
RostralCtx=Temporopolar Cortex,NCP.NC.TPC
TH.MD=Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus,FD.TH.MD (see Cognitive Thalamus)
TH.PV=Paraventricular Nucleus of Thalamus,NDM.FD.TH.PV
VPAL=Ventral Pallidum,FEC.FT.VP (see Basal Ganglia)


References

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